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There are many different types of investments an individual can make, however, not all investments are created equally.
Investment number 1 is a high-interest savings account. This is one of the safest ways to invest your money because there's no volatility. By placing your money in a high-interest savings account, you’re earning annual interest on your money. Now the reason I specifically say “high” interest savings accounts is because typical savings accounts offer little to no interest at all. A typical savings account usually offers around 0.10% while a high-interest account usually offers around 1.3%. Now 1.3% is by no means a high return, but the benefit here is security. You know that when you invest your money in a savings account, you’re guaranteed at least the amount you invested plus the interest earned each year.
The second type of investment is a money market account. This is also one of the safest ways to invest your money because there's no volatility. I’m not going to go into too much detail because money market accounts are just another type of high-interest savings account. Although you have access to your funds with a money market account, you typically have less access than with a savings account. With a money market account, the interest rates vary, however, this type of investment usually returns somewhere between 1% and 2%. If you choose a money market account, make sure there are no monthly fees.
The third type of investment is a certificate of deposit which is more commonly referred to as a CD. This is also one of the safest ways to invest your money because there's no volatility. A CD is a promissory note from a bank that pays a fixed interest over a specified amount of time. A CD is very similar to a savings account, however, it’s a very illiquid investment, meaning it’s not easily converted to cash. With a CD, investors typically set a maturity date, usually between 1 month and 5 years, which means that the investor will have to pay a penalty fee if they withdraw the money early.
The fourth type of investment is a bond. Although bonds are still one of the safest investments you can make, they are just a bit riskier than the previous three. A bond is, in essence, an I Owe You Note issued by the government (local, state, or federal) or corporations. When either a company or the government is looking to fund a new project, they may issue bonds to raise the money. There are a few components to bonds. The bonds face value is the amount of money that was borrowed. The coupon rate is the rate of interest on the face value. The maturity date is when the bonds face value will be paid back to the lender.
The fifth type of investment is a mutual fund. A mutual fund is basically a collection of stocks. Mutual funds vary in risk depending on the type of fund, but for the most part, mutual funds are safer than just stocks. Mutual funds are a great option for investors with little cash to invest. Some funds have investment minimums, but others have no minimums. Mutual funds are safer because they are pre-diversified collections of investments. There are many different types of mutual funds such as technology funds, bond funds, real estate funds, energy funds, foreign funds, emerging market funds, and so on. Mutual funds are operated by a fund manager that chooses and maintains the portfolio.
The sixth type of investment is an Exchange Traded Fund, also known as an ETF. ETFs are similar to mutual funds, however, they are a bit riskier and are traded on an exchange like stocks. Mutual funds can only be bought or sold at the end of the day at their Net Asset Value (NAV), whereas ETFs can be bought and sold at any point throughout the day. One advantage to ETFs over Mutual funds is that they are more tax advantages. ETFs are a more hands-on investment than mutual funds.
The seventh type of investment is a stock which is riskier than ETFs because there is no diversification and it is a very hands-on investment. A stock is a share of ownership of a company.
The eighth type of investment is real estate. Now, this type of investment requires a lot of capital, but is a very worthwhile investment. There are two main ways you can invest in real estate: Flipping properties and renting properties.
So just to recap, the 8 investments mentioned in this video are some common investments along with their riskiness. If you're a beginning investor, I encourage you to look into each of these investments further to see where you may be comfortable investing your money. In the next video, I’m going to show you the easiest way you can invest your money. I’ll see you then.