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What is ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT DESIGN? What does ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT DESIGN mean?
 
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What is ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT DESIGN? What does ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT DESIGN mean? ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT DESIGN meaning - ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT DESIGN definition - ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT DESIGN explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC6UuCPh7GrXznZi0Hz2YQnQ Environmental impact design (EID) is the adaptation and implementation of a design project, with regards to the supply of public goods (social, natural, and aesthetic) and the development of landscapes. EID takes into account the environmental impact of every designed and developing project. Environmental impact design is concerned with modifications to the design of development projects to achieve positive environmental impacts – these are externalities which benefit the environment and raise the stock of public goods. Examples of positive impacts include: Habitat creation as a result of afforestation projects that can "expand forest resources and reduce the gap between timber production and consumption." An example of this is the China Afforestation Project. Coastal management projects which contribute to ecological and recreational objectives. This type of project can strengthen biodiversity and protected areas. It can also promote sustainable use of biological resources at the local level. Flood defense projects which improve the livability in flood-prone areas by reducing future loses with the construction of defense facilities. Flood preparedness and mitigation systems will enhance regional capacity of handling periodic flooding. Bridge designs which enhance the landscape and contribute positively to the environment. An example of this is the implementation of concrete bridges which are sustainable, recyclable, long lasting and make "it possible to facilitate accelerated construction; thereby, reducing greenhouse gas emissions caused by traffic delays and construction equipment operation." Environmental impact design can be broken down into three categorical types: 1. Direct impacts: Caused by the project and building process itself. The causes and effects are more predictable and thus easier to control and assess. 2. Indirect impacts: Impacts are usually more closely linked to the design project, and therefore may inflict more profound damages and effects to the environment. Over time, indirect impacts can affect larger geographical areas. 3. Cumulative impacts: May can cause damage to one or more ecosystems since they are synergetic effects. Within the study of Environmental Impact Design, there is a focus on the construction process, materialization, and building efficiency. Historically in construction, the occupant is considered the most important factor in the building process. However, the sub-field of ecological building assesses the impact of buildings and construction materials on the environment and develops strategies to minimize the corresponding negative effects. . Low impact design and ecologically focused building practices originated in the post–World War II Germany. The widespread destruction of homes and city centers and a large homeless population gave Germans the chance to refocus building practices around the environment. The concept of prefabrication was taken up in both East and West Germany where, in the 1950s and 60s, numerous new modular construction systems were developed for residential buildings. . In 1992, at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro policymakers implemented Agenda 21 which focused on sustainable development at the local level. Four years later in 1996, the UN Conference on Human Settlements Habitat II met in Istanbul to discuss transferring sustainable building practices to an urban scale. From 1999 to 2003, the U.S. Green Building Council kickstarted the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design or (LEED) which is now the most well-known standard for green building. A building life cycle is an approach to construction where pollution and energy use are considered not only in the current timeframe but over the life of the building. This theory has been expanded upon in recent years by architect William McDonough and his trademark idea of Cradle-to-cradle design. Cradle-to-cradle design along with the Triple Zero concept aim at lowering energy, emissions, and waste to zero. A successful life cycle building will use a variety of approaches such as the use of recycled materials in the construction process as well as green energy to reduce immediate environmental impacts and degradation for years to come. .
Views: 263 The Audiopedia
Causes and Effects of Climate Change | National Geographic
 
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What causes climate change (also known as global warming)? And what are the effects of climate change? Learn the human impact and consequences of climate change for the environment, and our lives. ➡ Subscribe: http://bit.ly/NatGeoSubscribe About National Geographic: National Geographic is the world's premium destination for science, exploration, and adventure. Through their world-class scientists, photographers, journalists, and filmmakers, Nat Geo gets you closer to the stories that matter and past the edge of what's possible. Get More National Geographic: Official Site: http://bit.ly/NatGeoOfficialSite Facebook: http://bit.ly/FBNatGeo Twitter: http://bit.ly/NatGeoTwitter Instagram: http://bit.ly/NatGeoInsta Causes and Effects of Climate Change | National Geographic https://youtu.be/G4H1N_yXBiA National Geographic https://www.youtube.com/natgeo
Views: 905920 National Geographic
Environmental effects of fishing | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Environmental effects of fishing Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= The environmental impact of fishing includes issues such as the availability of fish, overfishing, fisheries, and fisheries management; as well as the impact of fishing on other elements of the environment, such as by-catch. These issues are part of marine conservation, and are addressed in fisheries science programs. There is a growing gap between the supply of fish and demand, due in part to world population growth.The journal Science published a four-year study in November 2006, which predicted that, at prevailing trends, the world would run out of wild-caught seafood in 2048. The scientists stated that the decline was a result of overfishing, pollution and other environmental factors that were reducing the population of fisheries at the same time as their ecosystems were being annihilated. Yet again the analysis has met criticism as being fundamentally flawed, and many fishery management officials, industry representatives and scientists challenge the findings, although the debate continues. Many countries, such as Tonga, the United States, Australia and Bahamas, and international management bodies have taken steps to appropriately manage marine resources.Reefs are also being destroyed by overfishing because of the huge nets that are dragged along the ocean floor while trawling. Many corals are being destroyed and as a consequence, the ecological niche of many species is at stake.
Views: 126 wikipedia tts
What is ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT? What does ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT mean?
 
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What is ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT? What does ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT mean? ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT meaning - ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT definition - ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. An environmental impact statement (EIS), under United States environmental law, is a document required by the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) for certain actions "significantly affecting the quality of the human environment". An EIS is a tool for decision making. It describes the positive and negative environmental effects of a proposed action, and it usually also lists one or more alternative actions that may be chosen instead of the action described in the EIS. Several U.S. state governments require that a document similar to an EIS be submitted to the state for certain actions. For example, in California, an Environmental Impact Report (EIR) must be submitted to the state for certain actions, as described in the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA). One of the primary authors of the act is Lynton K. Caldwell. The purpose of the NEPA is to promote informed decision-making by federal agencies by making "detailed information concerning significant environmental impacts" available to both agency leaders and the public. The NEPA was the first piece of legislation that created a comprehensive method to assess potential and existing environmental risks at once. It also encourages communication and cooperation between all the actors involved in environmental decisions, including government officials, private businesses, and citizens. In particular, an EIS acts as an enforcement mechanism to ensure that the federal government adheres to the goals and policies outlined in the NEPA. An EIS should be created in a timely manner as soon as the agency is planning development or is presented with a proposal for development. The statement should use an interdisciplinary approach so that it accurately assesses both the physical and social impacts of the proposed development. In many instances an action may be deemed subject to NEPA’s EIS requirement even though the action is not specifically sponsored by a federal agency. Eccleston identifies instances that may ‘federalize’ such actions for the purposes of NEPA. These factors may include actions that receive federal funding, federal licensing or authorization, or that are subject to federal control. Not all federal actions require a full EIS. If the action may or may not cause a significant impact the agency can first prepare a smaller, shorter document called an Environmental Assessment (EA). The finding of the EA determines whether an EIS is required. If the EA indicates that no significant impact is likely, then the agency can release a finding of no significant impact (FONSI) and carry on with the proposed action. Otherwise, the agency must then conduct a full-scale EIS. Most EAs result in a FONSI. A limited number of federal actions may avoid the EA and EIS requirements under NEPA if they meet the criteria for a categorical exclusion (CATEX). A CATEX is usually permitted when a course of action is identical or very similar to a past course of action and the impacts on the environment from the previous action can be assumed for the proposed action, or for building a structure within the footprint of an existing, larger facility or complex. For example, two proposed sections of Interstate 69 in Kentucky were granted a CATEX from NEPA requirements as these portions of I-69 will be routed over existing freeways requiring little more than minor spot improvements and a change of highway signage. Additionally, a CATEX can be issued during an emergency when time does not permit the preparation of an EA or EIS. An example of the latter is when the Federal Highway Administration issued a CATEX to construct the replacement bridge in the wake of the I-35W Mississippi River Bridge Collapse.
Views: 4317 The Audiopedia
E-readers vs Books: Environmental Impact Analysis
 
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This is a project I did for school, and I thought I would share it with anyone who was interested. I'm thinking about doing another one of these; Any suggestions for a topic? What do you think about the length? Should it be shorter? Feel free to leave comments! The 'Document 3' that appears in the presentation is a reference to an article in Business Day, a newspaper in South Africa entitled 'An ode to the (real) book - long may it last.' written by Chris Thurman Works Cited: "Greening the Media." Don't Be Misled about Paper Versus Electronic Books. Web. 03 Apr. 2014. http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/greening-the-media/201309/don-t-be-misled-about-paper-versus-electronic-books. "Greenpeace Worldwide." Greenpeace International. Web. 04 Apr. 2014. http://www.greenpeace.org/international/en/about/worldwide/. "How Green Is My IPad? Op-Chart." The New York Times. The New York Times, 03 Apr. 2010. Web. 04 Apr. 2014. http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2010/04/04/opinion/04opchart.html?scp=1&sq=how%20green%20is%20my%20ipad&st=cse. "How Much Wood Is Used To Make A Ton Of Paper & How Much We Consume Every Year." Greenvo How Much Wood Is Used To Make A Ton Of Paper How Much We Consume Every Year Comments. Web. 04 Apr. 2014. http://www.greenvo.com.my/2011/10/how-much-wood-is-used-to-make-a-ton-of-paper-how-much-we-consume-every-year/. "Technology Trade-offs, Part 3: E-Readers." BodyEarth RSS. Web. 04 Apr. 2014. http://www.bodyearth.net/environment/how-green-are-e-readers/. "Where Does E-waste End Up?" Greenpeace International. Web. 04 Apr. 2014. http://www.greenpeace.org/international/en/campaigns/toxics/electronics/the-e-waste-problem/where-does-e-waste-end-up/.
Views: 5254 Jim Popolow
Environmental impact of tourism | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Impacts_of_tourism 00:01:40 1 Environmental impacts 00:02:52 1.1 Facility impacts 00:04:23 1.2 Tourist activities 00:12:37 1.3 Transit effects 00:15:53 2 Sociocultural impacts of tourism 00:16:42 2.1 Commodification of culture 00:18:48 2.2 Demonstration effect 00:19:45 2.2.1 bCriticisms of the demonstration effect/b 00:20:44 2.3 Community participation 00:22:02 2.4 Acculturation 00:23:34 2.5 Positive socio-cultural impacts 00:25:37 2.6 Negative sociocultural impacts 00:27:43 3 Economic impacts 00:30:48 3.1 Positive and negative economic impacts of tourism 00:34:44 3.2 Employment 00:35:43 3.3 Tourism Satellite Account (TSA) 00:38:41 3.4 Projections for 2020 00:40:23 4 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.88716155788041 Voice name: en-GB-Wavenet-C "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The study of the effect that tourism has on environment and communities involved has been part off the tourism discourse since the 1970s, but has garnered much greater attention in recent years due to debates on overtourism. Impacts are not easily categorized, having direct and indirect components. Also tourism is often seasonal, and impacts only become apparent after time, with varying effects, and at different stages of development. There are three main categories. 1. Environmental impacts: impacts that affect the carrying capacity of the area, vegetation, air quality, bodies of water, the water table, wildlife, and natural phenomena. 2. Sociocultural impacts: associated with interactions between people and culture background, attitudes and behaviors, and their relationships to material goods. The introduction of tourists to sensitive areas can be detrimental, cause a loss of culture, or, alternatively, contribute to the preservation of culture and cultural sites through increased resources. 3. Economic impacts: usually seen as positive, contributing to employment, better services, and social stability. Also it may improve in terms of cultural education which one may have not considered. Yet these impacts can also contribute to high living costs within the community, pushing local business out of the areas, and raising costs for locals
Views: 4 wikipedia tts
Environmental impact of biodiesel | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_impact_of_biodiesel 00:00:05 1 Greenhouse gas emissions 00:03:52 2 Pollution 00:04:18 3 Biodegradation 00:05:48 4 Biodegradation in Aquatic Environments 00:06:51 5 Carbonyl Emissions 00:08:24 6 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.9459700269323839 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-D "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The environmental impact of biodiesel is diverse.
Views: 4 wikipedia tts
Environmental impact of automobiles | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Car 00:02:42 1 Etymology 00:05:00 2 History 00:15:44 3 Mass production 00:22:07 4 Fuel and propulsion technologies 00:24:28 5 User interface 00:26:10 6 Lighting 00:27:05 7 Weight 00:29:21 8 Seating and body style 00:30:14 9 Safety 00:31:24 10 Costs and benefits 00:32:53 11 Environmental impact 00:36:29 12 Emerging car technologies 00:37:30 12.1 Autonomous car 00:38:44 12.2 Open source development 00:39:34 12.3 Car sharing 00:40:09 13 Industry 00:41:45 14 Alternatives 00:42:27 15 Other meanings Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.7811075320635968 Voice name: en-AU-Wavenet-D "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation. Most definitions of car say they run primarily on roads, seat one to eight people, have four tires, and mainly transport people rather than goods.Cars came into global use during the 20th century, and developed economies depend on them. The year 1886 is regarded as the birth year of the modern car when German inventor Karl Benz patented his Benz Patent-Motorwagen. Cars became widely available in the early 20th century. One of the first cars accessible to the masses was the 1908 Model T, an American car manufactured by the Ford Motor Company. Cars were rapidly adopted in the US, where they replaced animal-drawn carriages and carts, but took much longer to be accepted in Western Europe and other parts of the world. Cars have controls for driving, parking, passenger comfort, and a variety of lights. Over the decades, additional features and controls have been added to vehicles, making them progressively more complex. These include rear reversing cameras, air conditioning, navigation systems, and in-car entertainment. Most cars in use in the 2010s are propelled by an internal combustion engine, fueled by the combustion of fossil fuels. Electric cars, which were invented early in the history of the car, began to become commercially available in 2008. There are costs and benefits to car use. The costs to the individual include acquiring the vehicle, interest payments (if the car is financed), repairs and maintenance, fuel, depreciation, driving time, parking fees, taxes, and insurance. The costs to society include maintaining roads, land use, road congestion, air pollution, public health, health care, and disposing of the vehicle at the end of its life. Road traffic accidents are the largest cause of injury-related deaths worldwide.The personal benefits include on-demand transportation, mobility, independence, and convenience. The societal benefits include economic benefits, such as job and wealth creation from the automotive industry, transportation provision, societal well-being from leisure and travel opportunities, and revenue generation from the taxes. People's ability to move flexibly from place to place has far-reaching implications for the nature of societies. There are around 1 billion cars in use worldwide. The numbers are increasing rapidly, especially in China, India and other newly industrialized countries.
Views: 3 wikipedia tts
Environmental impact of roads | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Road_ecology 00:03:07 1 Air quality 00:03:24 1.1 Negative effects 00:04:40 1.2 Positive effects 00:05:56 2 Hydrology 00:07:43 2.1 De-icing chemicals 00:08:58 3 Noise 00:09:19 3.1 Negative effects 00:12:25 3.2 Positive effects 00:12:54 4 Effects on wildlife 00:13:04 4.1 Habitat fragmentation 00:15:08 4.2 Amphibians and reptiles 00:16:08 4.3 Birds 00:17:00 4.4 Facilitation of poaching of flora and fauna 00:17:49 5 Mitigation efforts 00:17:59 5.1 Awareness 00:18:40 5.2 Road permeability 00:19:17 5.3 Habitat construction and planting 00:20:38 5.4 Recycling Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.7528843053807903 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-B "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Road ecology is the study of the ecological effects (both positive and negative) of roads and highways (public roads). These effects may include local effects, such as on noise, water pollution, habitat destruction/disturbance and local air quality; and wider effects such as habitat fragmentation, ecosystem degradation, and climate change from vehicle emissions. The design, construction and management of roads, parking and other related facilities as well as the design and regulation of vehicles can change their effect. Roads are known to cause significant damage to forests, prairies, streams and wetlands. Besides the direct habitat loss due to the road itself, and the roadkill of animal species, roads alter water-flow patterns, increase noise, water, and air pollution, create disturbance that alters the species composition of nearby vegetation thereby reducing habitat for local native animals, and act as barriers to animal movements. Roads are a form of linear infrastructure intrusion that has some effects similar to infrastructure such as railroads, power lines, and canals, particularly in tropical forests.Road ecology is practiced as a field of inquiry by a variety of ecologists, biologists, hydrologists, engineers, and other scientists. There are several global centers for the study of road ecology: 1) The Road Ecology Center at the University of California, Davis, which was the first of its kind in the world; 2) the Centro Brasileiro de Estudos em Ecologia de Estradas at the Federal University of Lavras, Brazil; 3) The Center for Transportation and the Environment, North Carolina State University; and 4) the Road Ecology Program at the Western Transportation Institute, Montana State University. There are also several important global conferences for road ecology research: 1) Infra-Eco Network Europe (IENE), which is international, but focused primarily on Europe; 2) International Conference on Ecology and Transportation (ICOET), which is also global in scope, but primarily focused on the US; 3) Australasian Network for Ecology & Transportation (ANET), which focuses on the Australasian (sub)continent; and 4) a potential Southern African road ecology conference, being considered by the Endangered Wildlife Trust.
Views: 2 wikipedia tts
Environmental impact analysis | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_impact_assessment 00:01:59 1 History 00:03:24 2 Methods 00:04:59 3 Follow-up 00:06:20 4 Around the world 00:06:29 4.1 Australia 00:08:28 4.1.1 The Commonwealth Level 00:12:12 4.1.2 The State and Territory Level 00:12:22 4.1.2.1 Australian Capital Territory (ACT) 00:13:26 4.1.2.2 New South Wales (NSW) 00:14:15 4.1.2.3 Northern Territory (NT) 00:14:48 4.1.2.4 Queensland (QLD) 00:16:11 4.1.2.5 Tasmania (TAS) 00:16:56 4.1.2.6 Victoria (VIC) 00:17:22 4.1.2.7 Western Australia (WA) 00:17:53 4.2 Canada 00:20:18 4.2.1 Opposition 00:24:48 4.3 China 00:27:41 4.4 Egypt 00:29:58 4.5 EU 00:34:48 4.5.1 Annexed projects 00:35:46 4.5.2 The Netherlands 00:36:46 4.6 Hong Kong 00:37:56 4.7 Iraq 00:42:29 4.8 India 00:46:34 4.9 Korea, South 00:46:49 4.10 Malaysia 00:47:15 4.11 Nepal 00:49:54 4.12 New Zealand 00:51:18 4.13 Russian Federation 00:52:14 4.13.1 Federal Service for monitoring the use of natural resources 00:53:10 4.13.2 Federal Service for Ecological, Technological and Nuclear Control 00:54:04 4.14 Sri Lanka 00:54:30 4.15 Ukraine 00:55:30 4.16 United States 00:57:27 4.16.1 Environmental assessment 00:59:44 4.16.1.1 Content 01:01:14 4.16.1.2 Structure 01:02:06 4.16.1.3 Procedure 01:03:25 4.16.2 Environmental impact statement 01:05:32 5 Transboundary application 01:08:13 6 Criticism 01:11:47 7 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.8171798475302137 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-B "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Environmental assessment (EA) is the assessment of the environmental consequences (positive and negative) of a plan, policy, program, or actual projects prior to the decision to move forward with the proposed action. In this context, the term "environmental impact assessment" (EIA) is usually used when applied to actual projects by individuals or companies and the term "strategic environmental assessment" (SEA) applies to policies, plans and programmes most often proposed by organs of state. Environmental assessments may be governed by rules of administrative procedure regarding public participation and documentation of decision making, and may be subject to judicial review. The purpose of the assessment is to ensure that decision makers consider the environmental impacts when deciding whether or not to proceed with a project. The International Association for Impact Assessment (IAIA) defines an environmental impact assessment as "the process of identifying, predicting, evaluating and mitigating the biophysical, social, and other relevant effects of development proposals prior to major decisions being taken and commitments made". EIAs are unique in that they do not require adherence to a predetermined environmental outcome, but rather they require decision makers to account for environmental values in their decisions and to justify those decisions in light of detailed environmental studies and public comments on the potential environmental impacts.
Views: 0 wikipedia tts
Environmental impact of shipping | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_impact_of_shipping 00:01:18 1 Ballast water 00:02:19 2 Sound pollution 00:04:39 3 Wildlife collisions 00:06:23 4 Atmospheric pollution 00:07:41 4.1 Conventional pollutants 00:10:57 4.2 Greenhouse gas pollutants 00:13:12 4.3 Stress for improvement 00:15:05 5 Oil spills 00:16:18 6 International regulation 00:18:22 7 Sewage 00:20:34 8 Cleaning 00:22:03 9 Solid waste 00:24:08 10 Bilge water 00:25:51 11 Issues by region 00:26:01 11.1 Asia 00:26:10 11.2 European Union 00:27:27 11.3 United Kingdom 00:27:44 11.4 United States 00:28:43 12 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.8701301250501787 Voice name: en-GB-Wavenet-D "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The environmental impact of shipping includes air pollution, water pollution, acoustic, and oil pollution. Ships are responsible for more than 18 percent of some air pollutants.It also includes greenhouse gas emissions. The International Maritime Organization (IMO) estimates that carbon dioxide emissions from shipping were equal to 2.2% of the global human-made emissions in 2012 and expects them to rise 50 to 250 percent by 2050 if no action is taken. The First Intersessional Meeting of the IMO Working Group on Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Ships took place in Oslo, Norway on 23–27 June 2008. It was tasked with developing the technical basis for the reduction mechanisms that may form part of a future IMO regime to control greenhouse gas emissions from international shipping, and a draft of the actual reduction mechanisms themselves, for further consideration by IMO's Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC).The fact that shipping enjoys substantial tax privileges has contributed to the growing emissions.
Views: 4 wikipedia tts
Environmental impact of leather | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leather 00:00:48 1 Production processes 00:03:57 1.1 Tanning methods 00:07:48 2 Grades 00:11:04 3 From other animals 00:14:27 4 Environmental impact 00:15:06 4.1 Carbon footprint 00:15:37 4.2 Water footprint 00:16:29 4.3 Disposal 00:16:55 4.4 Chemical waste disposal 00:20:10 5 Role of enzymes 00:21:14 6 Preservation and conditioning 00:22:47 7 In modern culture 00:24:34 8 Religious sensitivities 00:25:49 9 Alternatives Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.7360711798348277 Voice name: en-GB-Wavenet-A "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Leather is a natural durable and flexible material created by tanning animal rawhides and skins. The most common raw material is cattle hide. It can be produced at manufacturing scales ranging from artisan to modern industrial scale. Leather is used to make a variety of articles, including footwear, automobile seats, clothing, bags, book bindings, fashion accessories, and furniture. It is produced in a wide variety of types and styles and decorated by a wide range of techniques. The earliest record of leather artifacts dates back to 2200 BC.
Views: 1 wikipedia tts
Environmental impact of reservoirs | Wikipedia audio article
 
10:10
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_impact_of_reservoirs 00:00:36 1 Upstream impacts 00:00:45 1.1 Fragmentation of river ecosystems 00:01:07 1.2 Reservoir sedimentation 00:01:57 2 Impact below dam 00:02:06 2.1 Riverline and coastal erosion 00:03:31 2.2 Water temperature 00:04:31 2.3 Natural ecosystems destroyed by agriculture 00:05:20 2.4 Effects on flood-dependent ecology and agriculture 00:06:20 2.5 Potential for disaster 00:06:48 2.6 Flood control 00:07:26 3 Effects beyond the reservoir 00:07:35 3.1 Effects on humans 00:08:52 3.2 Greenhouse gases 00:09:43 4 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.9742620774138115 Voice name: en-AU-Wavenet-D "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The environmental impact of reservoirs comes under ever-increasing scrutiny as the global demand for water and energy increases and the number and size of reservoirs increases. Dams and reservoirs can be used to supply drinking water, generate hydroelectric power, increase the water supply for irrigation, provide recreational opportunities, and flood control. In 1960 the construction of Llyn Celyn and the flooding of Capel Celyn provoked political uproar which continues to this day. More recently, the construction of Three Gorges Dam and other similar projects throughout Asia, Africa and Latin America have generated considerable environmental and political debate.
Views: 1 wikipedia tts
Environmental impact of transport | Wikipedia audio article
 
28:11
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_impact_of_transport 00:03:45 1 Sectors 00:04:03 1.1 Aviation 00:06:30 1.2 Road transport 00:06:39 1.2.1 Cars 00:08:21 1.2.2 Buses 00:09:14 1.3 Rail 00:10:16 1.3.1 Railroads' Impacts on the Environment 00:13:21 1.4 Shipping 00:16:48 2 Mitigation of environmental impact 00:16:59 2.1 Road-rail parallel layout 00:19:31 2.2 Involvement 00:20:54 3 Impact of e-commerce 00:27:50 4 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.8296901978937153 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-B "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The environmental impact of transport is significant because transport is a major user of energy, and burns most of the world's petroleum. This creates air pollution, including nitrous oxides and particulates, and is a significant contributor to global warming through emission of carbon dioxide. Within the transport sector, road transport is the largest contributor to global warming.Environmental regulations in developed countries have reduced the individual vehicle's emission. However, this has been offset by an increase in the number of vehicles, and increased use of each vehicle. Some pathways to reduce the carbon emissions of road vehicles considerably have been studied. Energy use and emissions vary largely between modes, causing environmentalists to call for a transition from air and road to rail and human-powered transport, and increase transport electrification and energy efficiency. The transportation sector is a major source of greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) in the United States. An estimated 30 percent of national GHGs are directly attributable to transportation—and in some regions, the proportion is even higher. Transportation methods are the greatest contributing source of GHGs in the U.S., accounting for 47 percent of the net increase in total U.S. emissions since 1990.Other environmental impacts of transport systems include traffic congestion and automobile-oriented urban sprawl, which can consume natural habitat and agricultural lands. By reducing transportation emissions globally, it is predicted that there will be significant positive effects on Earth's air quality, acid rain, smog and climate change.The health impact of transport emissions is also of concern. A recent survey of the studies on the effect of traffic emissions on pregnancy outcomes has linked exposure to emissions to adverse effects on gestational duration and possibly also intrauterine growth.As listed above direct impacts such as noise and carbon monoxide emissions create direct and harmful effects on the environment, along with indirect impacts. The indirect impacts are often of higher consequence which leads to the misconception that it's the opposite since it is frequently understood that initial effects cause the most damage. For example, particulates which are the outcome of incomplete combustion done by an internal combustion engine, are not linked with respiratory and cardiovascular problems since they contribute to other factors not only to that specific condition. Even though the environmental impacts are usually listed individually there are also cumulative impacts. The synergetic consequences of transport activities. They take into account of the varied effects of direct and indirect impacts on an ecosystem. Climate change is the sum total impact of several natural and human-made factors. 15% of global CO2 emissions are attributed to the transport sector.
Views: 0 wikipedia tts
Environmental impacts of transport | Wikipedia audio article
 
24:16
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_impact_of_transport 00:03:14 1 Sectors 00:03:30 1.1 Aviation 00:05:37 1.2 Road transport 00:05:46 1.2.1 Cars 00:07:12 1.2.2 Buses 00:07:58 1.3 Rail 00:08:51 1.3.1 Railroads' Impacts on the Environment 00:11:30 1.4 Shipping 00:14:28 2 Mitigation of environmental impact 00:14:38 2.1 Road-rail parallel layout 00:16:49 2.2 Involvement 00:18:03 3 Impact of e-commerce 00:23:55 4 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.7869104677288062 Voice name: en-AU-Wavenet-B "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The environmental impact of transport is significant because transport is a major user of energy, and burns most of the world's petroleum. This creates air pollution, including nitrous oxides and particulates, and is a significant contributor to global warming through emission of carbon dioxide. Within the transport sector, road transport is the largest contributor to global warming.Environmental regulations in developed countries have reduced the individual vehicle's emission. However, this has been offset by an increase in the number of vehicles, and increased use of each vehicle. Some pathways to reduce the carbon emissions of road vehicles have been considerably studied. Energy use and emissions vary largely between modes, causing environmentalists to call for a transition from air and road to rail and human-powered transport, and increase transport electrification and energy efficiency. The transportation sector is a major source of greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) in the United States. An estimated 30 percent of national GHGs are directly attributable to transportation—and in some regions, the proportion is even higher. Transportation methods are the greatest contributing source of GHGs in the U.S., accounting for 47 percent of the net increase in total U.S. emissions since 1990.Other environmental impacts of transport systems include traffic congestion and automobile-oriented urban sprawl, which can consume natural habitat and agricultural lands. By reducing transportation emissions globally, it is predicted that there will be significant positive effects on Earth's air quality, acid rain, smog and climate change.The health impact of transport emissions is also of concern. A recent survey of the studies on the effect of traffic emissions on pregnancy outcomes has linked exposure to emissions to adverse effects on gestational duration and possibly also intrauterine growth.As listed above direct impacts such as noise and carbon monoxide emissions create direct and harmful effects on the environment, along with indirect impacts. The indirect impacts are often of higher consequence which leads to the misconception that it's the opposite since it is frequently understood that initial effects cause the most damage. For example, particulates which are the outcome of incomplete combustion done by an internal combustion engine, are not linked with respiratory and cardiovascular problems since they contribute to other factors not only to that specific condition. Even though the environmental impacts are usually listed individually there are also cumulative impacts. The synergetic consequences of transport activities. They take into account of the varied effects of direct and indirect impacts on an ecosystem. Climate change is the sum total impact of several natural and human-made factors. 15% of global CO2 emissions are attributed to the transport sector.
Views: 0 wikipedia tts
Environmental Impacts of Vegan Diet VS Meat-Eating Diet
 
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My sources / great info to read for yourself! http://www.onegreenplanet.org/news/infographic-veganism-and-the-environment/ https://www.downtoearth.org/go-veggie/environment/top-10-reasons http://science.time.com/2013/12/16/the-triple-whopper-environmental-impact-of-global-meat-production/ http://www.ewg.org/meateatersguide/a-meat-eaters-guide-to-climate-change-health-what-you-eat-matters/ http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/feed_the_world/2014/05/meat_eating_and_climate_change_vegetarians_impact_on_the_economy_antibiotics.html http://animalrights.about.com/od/animalrights101/a/What-Will-Happen-To-The-Animals-If-Everyone-Goes-Vegan.htm PLEASE LIKE MY FB PAGE! https://www.facebook.com/pages/Tiffanyferg/500726550081013 insta: tferg__ photo project instagram: selfieseveryday tumblr: tiffanyferg twitter: tiffanytheprez business inquiries? [email protected] - - Business Inquiries: tiffanyfergusonbiz (@) gmail (.) com
Views: 7516 tiffanyferg
Environmental impact | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_issue 00:02:59 1 Types 00:03:29 2 Scientific grounding 00:04:20 3 Organizations 00:05:17 4 Costs 00:05:27 5 Solutions 00:06:18 6 Film and television 00:06:43 7 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.991167064010225 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-F "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Environmental issues are harmful effects of human activity on the biophysical environment. Environmental protection is a practice of protecting the natural environment on individual, organizational or governmental levels, for the benefit of both the environment and humans. Environmentalism, a social and environmental movement, addresses environmental issues through advocacy, education and activism. The carbon dioxide equivalent of greenhouse gases (GHG) in the atmosphere has already exceeded over 9000 parts per million (NOAA) (with total "long-term" GHG exceeding 455 parts per million) (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Report). This level is considered a tipping point. "The amount of greenhouse gas in the atmosphere is already above the threshold that can potentially cause dangerous climate change. We are already at risk of many areas of pollution...It's not next year or next decade, it's now." The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) has stated "Climate change is not just a distant future threat. It is the main driver behind rising humanitarian needs and we are seeing its impact. The number of people affected and the damages inflicted by extreme weather has been unprecedented." Further, OCHA has stated:Climate disasters are on the rise. Around 70 percent of disasters are now climate related – up from around 50 percent from two decades ago. These disasters take a heavier human toll and come with a higher price tag. In the last decade, 2.4 billion people were affected by climate related disasters, compared to 1.7 billion in the previous decade. The cost of responding to disasters has risen tenfold between 1992 and 2008.Destructive sudden heavy rains, intense tropical storms, repeated flooding and droughts are likely to increase, as will the vulnerability of local communities in the absence of strong concerted action.Environment destruction caused by humans is a global problem, and this is a problem that is on going every day. By year 2050, the global human population is expected to grow by 2 billion people, thereby reaching a level of 9.6 billion people (Living Blue Planet 24). The human effects on Earth can be seen in many different ways. A main one is the temperature rise, and according to the report ”Our Changing Climate”, the global warming that has been going on for the past 50 years is primarily due to human activities (Walsh, et al. 20). Since 1895, the U.S. average temperature has increased from 1.3 °F to 1.9 °F, with most of the increase taken place since around year 1970 (Walsh, et al. 20).
Views: 0 wikipedia tts
Environmental impact of paper | Wikipedia audio article
 
46:10
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_impact_of_paper 00:01:42 1 Issues 00:05:53 1.1 Air pollution 00:09:44 1.2 Water pollution 00:13:19 1.3 Paper waste 00:14:28 1.4 Wood pulping process 00:14:38 1.5 Chlorine and chlorine-based materials 00:18:11 1.6 Sulfur, hydrogen sulfide and sulfur dioxide 00:22:28 1.7 Greenhouse gas emissions 00:25:02 1.8 Non-renewable resources 00:25:23 2 Mitigation 00:25:51 2.1 Sustainable forest management 00:27:35 2.1.1 Forest certification 00:28:30 2.2 Pulp bleaching 00:29:03 2.3 Recycling 00:31:08 2.4 Recycled paper and paper mills 00:34:32 2.5 Regulations 00:34:52 2.5.1 United States 00:35:01 2.5.1.1 Air and water pollution 00:39:01 2.5.1.2 Forest management 00:39:25 2.5.2 Canada 00:42:27 2.5.3 International 00:43:25 2.6 Mechanical pulp mills 00:44:14 3 Inks 00:45:26 4 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.7466019592418411 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-D "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The environmental impact of paper is significant, which has led to changes in industry and behaviour at both business and personal levels. With the use of modern technology such as the printing press and the highly mechanized harvesting of wood, disposable paper became a relatively cheap commodity, which led to a high level of consumption and waste. The rise in global environmental issues such as air and water pollution, climate change, overflowing landfills and clearcutting have all lead to increased government regulations. There is now a trend towards sustainability in the pulp and paper industry as it moves to reduce clear cutting, water use, greenhouse gas emissions, fossil fuel consumption and clean up its impacts on local water supplies and air pollution. According to a Canadian citizen's organization, "People need paper products and we need sustainable, environmentally safe production."Environmental product declarations or product scorecards are available to collect and evaluate the environmental and social performance of paper products, such as the Paper Calculator, Environmental Paper Assessment Tool (EPAT), or Paper Profile.Both the U.S. and Canada generate interactive maps of environmental indicators which show pollution emissions of individual facilities.
Views: 8 wikipedia tts
Environmental impact of nuclear power | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:20:35
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_impact_of_nuclear_power 00:03:06 1 Waste streams 00:03:46 2 Radioactive waste 00:03:56 2.1 High-level waste 00:11:07 2.2 Other waste 00:13:44 3 Power plant emission 00:13:54 3.1 Radioactive gases and effluents 00:17:41 3.1.1 Tritium 00:21:02 3.1.2 Uranium mining 00:26:21 3.2 Risk of cancer 00:33:37 3.3 Comparison to coal-fired generation 00:37:26 3.4 Contrast of radioactive accident emissions with industrial emissions 00:39:33 3.5 Waste heat 00:45:57 4 Water consumption and risks 00:48:33 5 Greenhouse gas emissions 00:55:11 6 Environmental effects of accidents and attacks 00:55:40 6.1 Fukushima disaster 01:01:38 6.2 Chernobyl disaster 01:07:26 6.3 SL-1 meltdown 01:09:42 6.4 Attacks and sabotage 01:14:32 7 Natural disasters 01:16:47 8 Sustainability 01:18:11 9 Decommissioning Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.7048379133944911 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-C "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The environmental impact of nuclear power results from the nuclear fuel cycle, operation, and the effects of nuclear accidents. The greenhouse gas emissions from nuclear fission power and are much smaller than those associated with coal, oil and gas, and the routine health risks are much smaller than those associated with coal. However, there is a "catastrophic risk" potential if containment fails, which in nuclear reactors can be brought about by overheated fuels melting and releasing large quantities of fission products into the environment. This potential risk could wipe out the benefits. The most long-lived radioactive wastes, including spent nuclear fuel, must be contained and isolated from the environment for a long period of time. On the other side, spent nuclear fuel could be reused, yielding even more energy, and reducing the amount of waste to be contained. The public has been made sensitive to these risks and there has been considerable public opposition to nuclear power. The 1979 Three Mile Island accident and 1986 Chernobyl disaster, along with high construction costs, also compounded by delays resulting from a steady schedule of demonstrations, injunctions and political actions, caused by the anti-nuclear opposition, ended the rapid growth of global nuclear power capacity. A release of radioactive materials followed the 2011 Japanese tsunami which damaged the Fukushima I Nuclear Power Plant, resulting in hydrogen gas explosions and partial meltdowns classified as a Level 7 event. The large-scale release of radioactivity resulted in people being evacuated from a 20 km exclusion zone set up around the power plant, similar to the 30 km radius Chernobyl Exclusion Zone still in effect. But published works suggest that the radioactivity levels have lowered enough to now have only a limited impact on wildlife. In Japan, in July 2016, Fukushima Prefecture announced that the number of evacuees following the Great East Japan earthquake events, had fallen below 90,000, in part following the lifting of evacuation orders issued in some municipalities.
Views: 19 wikipedia tts
Environmental impact of the petroleum industry | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_impact_of_the_petroleum_industry 00:00:53 1 Issues 00:01:02 1.1 Toxicity 00:04:06 1.2 Exhaust 00:05:32 1.2.1 Acid rain 00:06:44 1.3 Climate change 00:08:22 1.4 Oil spills 00:09:54 1.5 Volatile organic compounds 00:10:25 1.6 Waste oil 00:11:12 2 Mitigation 00:11:21 2.1 Conservation and phasing out 00:13:12 2.2 Substitution of other energy sources 00:15:18 2.3 Use of biomass instead of petroleum 00:16:12 2.4 Safety measures 00:17:02 3 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.9333475216727524 Voice name: en-GB-Wavenet-B "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Petroleum is one of the main sources of energy in the World. Petroleum and its by-products are used to fuel various forms of transportation, industry and domestic electricity use. Petroleum is also used to manufacture plastics which provides products essential for daily life. Also, petroleum has helped create many products like cosmetics, tyres (rubber) pesticides etc. Over the years there has been increased concerns over the environmental effects of the petroleum industry. The environmental impacts of petroleum are mainly negative. This is due to the toxicity of petroleum which contributes to air pollution, acid rain, and various illnesses in humans. Petroleum also fuels climate change, due to the increased greenhouse gas emissions in its extraction, refinement, transport and consumption phases.
Views: 4 wikipedia tts
Environmental impact design | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_impact_design 00:00:14 1 Examples 00:01:20 2 Types 00:02:29 3 Construction 00:03:22 4 International programs 00:04:07 5 Building life cycle 00:04:57 6 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.7038268103890725 Voice name: en-AU-Wavenet-D "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Environmental impact design (EID) is the design of development projects so as to achieve positive environmental objectives that benefit the environment and raise the stock of public goods.
Views: 0 wikipedia tts
Environmental impact of petroleum | Wikipedia audio article
 
20:26
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_impact_of_the_petroleum_industry 00:01:00 1 Issues 00:01:09 1.1 Toxicity 00:04:45 1.2 Exhaust 00:06:25 1.2.1 Acid rain 00:07:47 1.3 Climate change 00:09:41 1.4 Oil spills 00:11:29 1.5 Volatile organic compounds 00:12:03 1.6 Waste oil 00:12:58 2 Mitigation 00:13:08 2.1 Conservation and phasing out 00:15:18 2.2 Substitution of other energy sources 00:17:48 2.3 Use of biomass instead of petroleum 00:18:49 2.4 Safety measures 00:19:46 3 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.8732196879762745 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-C "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Petroleum is one of the main sources of energy in the World. Petroleum and its by-products are used to fuel various forms of transportation, industry and domestic electricity use. Petroleum is also used to manufacture plastics which provides products essential for daily life. Also, petroleum has helped create many products like cosmetics, tyres (rubber) pesticides etc. Over the years there have been increased concerns over the environmental effects of the petroleum industry. The environmental impacts of petroleum are mainly negative. This is due to the toxicity of petroleum which contributes to air pollution, acid rain, and various illnesses in humans. Petroleum also fuels climate change, due to the increased greenhouse gas emissions in its extraction, refinement, transport and consumption phases.
Views: 0 wikipedia tts
Environmental impact of hydraulic fracturing in the United States | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:15:44
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_impact_of_hydraulic_fracturing_in_the_United_States 00:01:39 1 Air quality and methane emissions 00:06:50 2 Water issues 00:07:00 2.1 2015 EPA Report on Spills 00:09:29 2.2 Water usage 00:12:54 2.3 Injected fluid 00:14:56 2.4 Groundwater contamination 00:16:24 2.4.1 Incidents of contamination 00:21:30 2.5 Flowback and produced water 00:24:12 2.6 Surface water contamination 00:27:59 2.7 Radioactivity 00:36:00 2.7.1 Naturally occurring radioactive materials 00:38:37 2.7.2 Radioactive tracers 00:40:40 3 Seismicity 00:42:31 3.1 Induced seismicity from hydraulic fracturing 00:43:37 3.2 Induced seismicity from water disposal wells 00:51:36 4 Abandoned wells 00:53:08 5 Health effects 00:59:01 5.1 Worker health 01:00:24 5.1.1 Silica exposure in hydraulic fracturing 01:07:17 5.1.2 Other concerns 01:07:32 5.2 Research and lobbying 01:13:02 6 Built Environment/Infrastructure 01:15:20 7 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.8692545955349474 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-C "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Environmental impact of hydraulic fracturing in the United States has been an issue of public concern, and includes the potential contamination of ground and surface water, methane emissions, air pollution, migration of gases and hydraulic fracturing chemicals and radionuclides to the surface, the potential mishandling of solid waste, drill cuttings, increased seismicity and associated effects on human and ecosystem health. A number of instances with groundwater contamination have been documented, however opponents of water safety regulation claim hydraulic fracturing has never caused any drinking water contamination.As early as 1987, researchers at the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) expressed concern that hydraulic fracturing might contaminate groundwater. With the growth of hydraulic fracturing in the United States in the following years, concern grew. "Public exposure to the many chemicals involved in energy development is expected to increase over the next few years, with uncertain consequences" wrote science writer Valerie Brown in 2007. It wasn't until 2010 that Congress asked the EPA to conduct a full study of the environmental impact of fracking. The study is ongoing, but the EPA released a progress report in December 2012 and released a final draft assessment report for peer review and comment in June 2015.
Views: 2 wikipedia tts
Electric Car MYTHS vs FACTS, Environmental Impact EV vs Gas Car
 
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In this episode, we present Electric Car Myths Vs Facts using some scientific data. Our goal is to completely destroy all those fake electric car vs petrol car myths going around, that are being promoted by news media articles, proudly sponsored by big oil and old auto. ----------- NAVIGATION THROUGH THE VIDEO: ----------- 1:35 Myth 1: Lots of children work under bad conditions to mine cobalt for electric cars. 3:13 Myth 2: Lithium harvesting wastes a lot of water and destroys landscapes. 5:10 Myth 3: Charging electric cars causes at least as much if not more CO2 emissions than refueling diesel or gasoline cars. 7:21 Myth 4: The battery production for EVs results in much more CO2 emissions than manufacturing ICE cars. 10:42 Myth 5: The electric grid would collapse if all cars have to be charged with electricity. We want to analyze the most common so-called "arguments", anti-EV people like to bring forth. There are of course many more, but we took the most important ones. For example: What are the electric car emissions? Is an electric car better for environment? And producing batteries emits CO2 as we know, so what are the electric car batteries environmental impact? We also go further and want to take into account the whole production chain of gasoline or diesel cars, the complete well to wheel ratio, and also the complete chain for EVs, using data from the newest scientific research. We thus estimate the electric car vs gas car carbon footprint for the complete production chain. Unsurprisingly, EVs again win against ICE cars in really any possible scenario and in any possible country. Even taking into account the lithium ion battery production, EVs still have a lower CO2 emission over their complete production and life cycle, than gasoline or diesel cars. Moreover, electric cars battery technology is constantly evolving, which will make EVs even more eco-friendly in the future. We therefore hope to have contributed something against all these anti-EV fake news going around, being often cited by EV-haters and petrolheads. We hope to one day see all these electric car myths busted. 🔺 Want to buy a Tesla? 🔺 You'll get 1500 km of free supercharging by using our referral code: 👉 http://ts.la/sebastian37509 ------- 🔴Subscribe for more entertainment🔴 ------- https://www.youtube.com/c/JixuanSebastian?sub_confirmation=1 ------- ✅Recommended videos✅ ------- Testing our Tesla Model 3 performance, relevant for energy consumption at higher speeds: https://youtu.be/3OJAW-sEFuc Energy consumption of the Model 3 at city driving speeds: https://youtu.be/hmcbOOOu_so Our pick of the most exciting news updates on electric cars: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLmfwVwnxbklZ5jzKo-CPqc_6NvAvMZx5A A special episode on the Byton M-Byte, the most futuristic electric car for 2019 in our opinion: https://youtu.be/mZ0sgi5i-1E ------- Interesting resources to look up: ------- The paper comparing CO2 emissions over the complete production cycle for internal combustion engine and battery electric vehicles, respectively: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2212827118309570 Lots of statistics on the US energy mix from the US energy Information Administration: https://www.eia.gov/energyexplained/?page=us_energy_home Calculation of grams of CO2 emitted per kWh for the US energy mix (707 g CO2/kWh): https://www.epa.gov/avert and https://www.epa.gov/energy/greenhouse-gases-equivalencies-calculator-calculations-and-references A map for the energy mix of all states in the US (in pounds per kWh): https://www.targetmap.com/viewer.aspx?reportId=41404 ------- Connect with us :) ------- TWITTER: https://twitter.com/JixuanSebastian FACEBOOK: https://www.facebook.com/jixuansebastian INSTAGRAM: https://www.instagram.com/jixuansebastian REDDIT: https://www.reddit.com/user/ScifiInstinct #ElectricCars #MythsVSFacts #EV
Views: 60 Jixuan & Sebastian
How Does Mining Affect the Environment? You'll Be Shocked to Know
 
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Find more effects of mining right here: http://www.buzzle.com/articles/how-does-mining-affect-the-environment.html Mining is the source of all the substances that cannot be obtained by industrial processes or through agriculture. Mining reaps huge profits for the companies that own them and provides employment to a large number of people. It is also a huge source of revenue for the government. Despite its economic importance, the effects of mining on the environment is a pressing issue. Mining activities require the clearing of large areas of land. The chemicals used in the mining process often escape into the environment causing pollution. Watch this video to know how mining affects the environment.
Views: 22488 Buzzle
Kosciuszko Bridge: No explosion, little environmental impact
 
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Willis Elkins of the Newtown Creek Alliance tells the Brooklyn Eagle how the Kosciuszko Bridge will be demolished and how it will impact the nearby environment. For more info: http://www.brooklyneagle.com/articles/2017/7/10/no-big-bang-kosciuszko-bridge-not-being-demolished-tuesday
Views: 4135 Brooklyn Daily Eagle
Environmental impact of the energy industry | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_impact_of_the_energy_industry 00:00:46 1 Issues 00:00:55 1.1 Climate change 00:04:07 1.2 Biofuel use 00:04:37 1.2.1 Bio-diesel 00:04:52 1.2.2 Firewood 00:05:54 1.3 Fossil fuel use 00:07:11 1.3.1 Coal 00:07:48 1.3.2 Petroleum 00:08:21 1.3.3 Gas 00:09:45 1.4 Electricity generation 00:10:21 1.5 Reservoirs 00:11:42 1.6 Nuclear power 00:13:42 1.7 Wind power 00:15:30 1.8 Solar power 00:15:39 1.9 Geothermal power 00:15:48 2 Mitigation 00:15:57 2.1 Energy conservation 00:17:09 2.2 Energy policy Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.8455506467151978 Voice name: en-AU-Wavenet-A "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The environmental impact of the energy industry is diverse. Energy has been harnessed by human beings for millennia. Initially it was with the use of fire for light, heat, cooking and for safety, and its use can be traced back at least 1.9 million years. In recent years there has been a trend towards the increased commercialization of various renewable energy sources. Rapidly advancing technologies can potentially achieve a transition of energy generation, water and waste management, and food production towards better environmental and energy usage practices using methods of systems ecology and industrial ecology.
Views: 2 wikipedia tts
Environmental impact of mining | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_impact_of_mining 00:00:54 1 Erosion 00:01:42 2 Sinkholes 00:02:51 3 Subsidence 00:03:15 4 Water pollution 00:05:23 4.1 Acid rock drainage 00:07:42 4.2 Heavy metals 00:08:42 5 Effect on biodiversity 00:11:56 6 Aquatic organisms 00:13:45 6.1 Microorganisms 00:14:48 6.2 Macroorganisms 00:15:55 7 Terrestrial organisms 00:16:05 7.1 Vegetation 00:19:05 7.2 Animals 00:20:17 7.3 Microorganisms 00:22:54 8 Waste 00:23:02 8.1 Tailings 00:24:42 8.2 Spoil Tip 00:25:47 9 Effects of mine pollution on humans 00:26:43 10 Coal mining 00:26:52 11 Deforestation 00:27:22 12 Oil shale 00:27:31 13 Mountaintop removal mining 00:27:41 14 Sand mining 00:28:06 15 Mitigation 00:29:04 16 Specific sites 00:29:40 17 Film and literature 00:30:09 18 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.8209219487153951 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-C "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Environmental impacts of mining can occur at local, regional, and global scales through direct and indirect mining practices. Impacts can result in erosion, sinkholes, loss of biodiversity, or the contamination of soil, groundwater, and surface water by the chemicals emitted from mining processes. These processes also have an impact on the atmosphere from the emissions of carbon which have effect on the quality of human health and biodiversity. Some mining methods may have such significant environmental and public health effects that mining companies in some countries are required to follow not so strict environmental and rehabilitation codes to ensure that the mined area returns to its original state.
Views: 1 wikipedia tts
Environmental impact of aviation in the United Kingdom | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_impact_of_aviation_in_the_United_Kingdom 00:03:50 1 Air transport framework 00:04:50 1.1 Infrastructure 00:08:07 1.2 Airlines 00:10:33 1.3 Passenger travel 00:12:30 1.4 Capacity 00:13:58 1.5 Government and regulation 00:15:24 2 Airport development strategy 00:18:26 2.1 Subsequent developments 00:20:40 3 Economic impact 00:23:17 3.1 Direct economic impact 00:25:30 3.2 Indirect economic impact 00:29:58 3.3 Forecast economic impact 00:30:56 4 Environmental impact 00:32:06 4.1 Global environmental impact 00:37:29 4.2 Local environmental impact 00:43:25 5 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.8268124199884079 Voice name: en-AU-Wavenet-C "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The environmental impact of aviation in the United Kingdom is increasing due to the increasing demand for air travel in the country. In the past 25 years the UK air transport industry has seen sustained growth, and the demand for passenger air travel in particular is forecast to increase more than twofold, to 465 million passengers, by 2030. Two airports; London Heathrow Airport and London Gatwick Airport, are amongst the top ten busiest airports in the world for international passenger traffic. Whilst more than half of all passengers travelling by air in the UK currently travel via the five London area airports, regional airports have experienced the most growth in recent years, due to the success of 'no-frills' airlines over the last decade. The ability of the existing airport infrastructure to meet forecast demand is limited, and government policy published in 2003 supports the development of additional airport capacity by 2030 to address this. The strategy is generally based on making the best use of existing facilities, although an additional five new runways nationwide are considered to be necessary, three of them at the London airports of Stansted, Heathrow and, towards the end of the timeframe involved, Gatwick. This policy is designed to be a balanced and measured approach to the future of the air transport industry; one that recognises both an economic advantage in providing for growth in demand for air travel and also the need to address the consequent environmental impacts. The strategy has been criticised by the House of Commons Environmental Audit Select Committee, by environmentalist and campaign groups, and in research papers, for implementing a predict and provide model that overstates the economic advantages whilst paying insufficient heed to the environmental consequences. Support for airport expansion is based on an economic case that regards the air transport industry not only as an important industry in its own right, but also as a facilitator of growth for the economy as a whole. One study predicts that the government's strategy will realise an additional £13 billion per annum in Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by 2030. Another study which is critical of the government approach, and which favours addressing environmental impacts through increased taxation of air transport, indicates a negative economic benefit resulting from airport expansion. In 2006 the industry was responsible for over 6 per cent of all UK carbon emissions, a figure that is set to rise as demand increases. Under current strategies of emissions reduction and growth in air transport, air travel in the UK could account for up to 50 per cent of the UK carbon budget by 2050. Industry attempts to address this issue are longer term efforts based on technological and operational improvements, whilst government policy is based on the inclusion of air transport within emissions trading schemes. Critics advocate a shift in government policy to address environmental impacts by constraining the growth in demand for air travel, primarily through the use of economic instruments to price air travel less attractively. Local environmental issues ...
Views: 2 wikipedia tts
Environmental impact of nanotechnology | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Impact_of_nanotechnology 00:01:27 1 Overview 00:03:25 2 Health impact 00:04:03 2.1 Medical applications 00:05:30 2.2 Health hazards 00:09:15 3 Environmental impact 00:09:57 3.1 Environmental applications 00:11:12 3.2 Pollution 00:11:37 4 Social impact 00:14:04 5 Regulation 00:15:48 6 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.9540331472693904 Voice name: en-AU-Wavenet-B "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The impact of nanotechnology extends from its medical, ethical, mental, legal and environmental applications, to fields such as engineering, biology, chemistry, computing, materials science, and communications. Major benefits of nanotechnology include improved manufacturing methods, water purification systems, energy systems, physical enhancement, nanomedicine, better food production methods, nutrition and large-scale infrastructure auto-fabrication. Nanotechnology's reduced size may allow for automation of tasks which were previously inaccessible due to physical restrictions, which in turn may reduce labor, land, or maintenance requirements placed on humans. Potential risks include environmental, health, and safety issues; transitional effects such as displacement of traditional industries as the products of nanotechnology become dominant, which are of concern to privacy rights advocates. These may be particularly important if potential negative effects of nanoparticles are overlooked. Whether nanotechnology merits special government regulation is a controversial issue. Regulatory bodies such as the United States Environmental Protection Agency and the Health and Consumer Protection Directorate of the European Commission have started dealing with the potential risks of nanoparticles. The organic food sector has been the first to act with the regulated exclusion of engineered nanoparticles from certified organic produce, firstly in Australia and the UK, and more recently in Canada, as well as for all food certified to Demeter International standards
Views: 6 wikipedia tts
Environmental Impact Assessment Directive 2011 | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_Impact_Assessment_Directive_2011 00:00:11 1 Contents 00:00:34 2 Significance 00:00:54 3 See also 00:01:07 4 Notes Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.8723842156519334 Voice name: en-AU-Wavenet-D "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Environmental Impact Assessment Directive 2011 (2011/92/EU) is an EU Directive relevant for European environmental law.
Views: 0 wikipedia tts
The Worst Effects of Plastic Bags That Cause Environmental Pollution
 
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Plastic bags are used by almost everyone. From a vegetable vendor to a designer store, everyone seems to be using them. Even though they are one of the modern conveniences that we seem to be unable to do without, they are responsible for causing pollution, killing wildlife, and using up the precious natural resources. But, most of us are blissfully unaware of the harmful effects of the use of plastic bags. Watch this video to know how plastic bags lead to environmental pollution, and the measures you can take to prevent plastic pollution. Also visit: http://www.buzzle.com/articles/environmental-pollution-the-harmful-effects-of-plastic-bags.html
Views: 11212 Buzzle
Environmental impact of aviation | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_impact_of_aviation 00:02:16 1 Climate change 00:04:27 1.1 Mechanisms and cumulative effects of aviation on climate 00:05:20 1.1.1 Carbon dioxide (COsub2/sub) 00:06:16 1.1.2 Oxides of nitrogen (NOsubx/sub) 00:07:33 1.1.3 Water vapor (Hsub2/subO), and contrails 00:09:24 1.1.4 Particulates 00:10:41 1.2 Greenhouse gas emissions per passenger kilometre 00:10:53 1.2.1 Averaged emissions 00:11:29 1.2.1.1 Europe 00:12:08 1.2.1.2 Finland 00:13:32 1.2.1.3 USA 00:14:16 1.2.1.4 International 00:15:12 1.2.1.5 British Airways 00:15:35 1.2.2 Emissions by passenger class, and effects of seating configuration 00:17:31 1.3 Total climate effects 00:19:19 1.4 Future emission levels 00:20:20 1.4.1 Continual increases in travel and freight 00:23:31 1.5 Scope for improvement 00:23:40 1.5.1 Aircraft efficiency 00:26:52 1.5.2 Operations efficiency 00:29:31 1.5.3 Alternative fuels 00:34:24 1.5.4 Electric aircraft 00:36:30 1.6 Reducing air travel 00:36:40 1.6.1 Personal choices and social pressure 00:37:49 1.6.2 Business and professional choices 00:38:48 1.6.3 Ending incentives to fly—frequent flyer programs 00:43:32 1.6.4 Potential for governmental constraints on demand 00:45:12 1.7 International regulation of air travel GHG emissions 00:45:24 1.7.1 Kyoto Protocol 2005 00:46:33 1.7.2 Approaches toward emissions trading 00:48:38 1.7.3 International Civil Aviation Organization agreement 2016 00:51:26 1.8 Effects of climate change on aviation 00:51:37 1.8.1 Increased turbulence 00:52:26 2 Noise 00:53:35 3 Water pollution 00:55:33 4 Air quality 00:55:42 4.1 Particulate emissions 00:56:53 4.2 Lead emissions 00:57:52 5 Radiation exposure 00:58:30 6 Land use for infrastructure 00:59:11 7 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.8402817291386984 Voice name: en-GB-Wavenet-A "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The environmental impact of aviation occurs because aircraft engines emit heat, noise, particulates and gases which contribute to climate change and global dimming. Airplanes emit particles and gases such as carbon dioxide (CO2), water vapor, hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, sulfur oxides, lead, and black carbon which interact among themselves and with the atmosphere.Despite emission reductions from automobiles and more fuel-efficient and less polluting turbofan and turboprop engines, the rapid growth of air travel in the past years contributes to an increase in total pollution attributable to aviation. From 1992 to 2005, passenger kilometers increased 5.2 percent per year. In the European Union, greenhouse gas emissions from aviation increased by 87 percent between 1990 and 2006.Comprehensive research shows that despite anticipated efficiency innovations to airframes, engines, aerodynamics and flight operations, there is no end in sight, even many decades out, to rapid growth in CO2 emissions from air travel and air freight, due to projected continual growth in air travel. This is because international aviation emissions have escaped international regulation up to the ICAO triennial conference in October 2016 agreed on the CORSIA offset scheme. In addition, due to low or non-existent taxes on aviation fuel, air travel enjoys a competitive advantage over other transportation modes due to lower fares. Unless market constraints are put in place, growth in aviation emissions will result in the sector's emissions amounting to all or nearly all of the annual global CO2 emissions budget by mid-century, if climate change is to be held to a temperature increase of 2 °C or less.There is an ongoing debate about possible taxation of air travel and the inclusion of aviation in an emissions trading scheme, with a view to ensuring that the total external costs of aviation are taken into account.
Views: 11 wikipedia tts
The Environmental Impact of 3D Printing
 
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3D printing allows for cheaper and quicker production of complex and novel items. The technology has been used by industry to build prototypes and specialized parts since the 1980s, but interest in desktop applications of the technology has increased in recent years as the price for the machines has dropped. Proponents of the technology often cite the environmental benefits of 3D printing, though fundamental questions remain: What technologies are involved in 3D printing? How efficient are these technologies in the use of materials and energy? Does the design of printed objects reduce end-of-life options? Does more localized production reduce the carbon footprint? Will simplicity and ubiquity cause us to overprint things, just as we do with paper? Robert L. Olson explored some of these questions in his article "3D Printing: A Boon or a Bane?" in the November/December 2013 issue of the Environmental Forum. The article discusses the enormous potential of 3D printing and examines the paucity of research on the environmental impacts of the technology. This event is being consponsored by the Environmental Law Institute, publisher of the Environmental Forum, and the Wilson Center's Environmental Change & Security Program.
Views: 2839 WoodrowWilsonCenter
Environmental Impact Report | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_impact_statement 00:00:57 1 Purpose 00:05:32 2 Layout 00:08:57 3 NEPA process 00:14:33 3.1 Tiering 00:15:43 4 Strengths 00:16:34 5 Limitations 00:17:48 6 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.8466207381883153 Voice name: en-AU-Wavenet-C "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= An environmental impact statement (EIS), under United States environmental law, is a document required by the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) for certain actions "significantly affecting the quality of the human environment". An EIS is a tool for decision making. It describes the positive and negative environmental effects of a proposed action, and it usually also lists one or more alternative actions that may be chosen instead of the action described in the EIS. Several U.S. state governments require that a document similar to an EIS be submitted to the state for certain actions. For example, in California, an Environmental Impact Report (EIR) must be submitted to the state for certain actions, as described in the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA). One of the primary authors of the act is Lynton K. Caldwell.
Views: 0 wikipedia tts
C2 Girls | Estimating The Environmental Impact Of Southern California’s Great Methane Leak
 
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Link to the article: http://cen.acs.org/articles/94/i5/Estimating-Environmental-Impact-Southern-Californias.html
Environmental impact of concrete | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_impact_of_concrete 00:02:01 1 Carbon dioxide emissions and climate change 00:04:51 2 Design improvements 00:05:21 2.1 Cement production and use 00:09:11 2.2 Emission absorbing concrete 00:11:00 2.3 Other Improvements 00:13:28 3 Carbon concrete 00:13:56 4 Surface runoff 00:15:56 5 Urban heat 00:18:23 6 Concrete dust 00:18:52 7 Toxic and radioactive contamination 00:20:16 8 Handling precautions 00:21:04 9 Concrete recycling Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.7642805956629707 Voice name: en-GB-Wavenet-A "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The environmental impact of concrete, its manufacture and applications, are complex. Some effects are harmful; others welcome. Many depend on circumstances. A major component of concrete is cement, which has its own environmental and social impacts and contributes largely to those of concrete. The cement industry is one of the primary producers of carbon dioxide, a potent greenhouse gas. Concrete causes damage to the most fertile layer of the earth, the topsoil. Concrete is used to create hard surfaces which contribute to surface runoff that may cause soil erosion, water pollution and flooding. Conversely, concrete is one of the most powerful tools for proper flood control, by means of damming, diversion, and deflection of flood waters, mud flows, and the like. Light-colored concrete can reduce the urban heat island effect, due to its higher albedo. Concrete dust released by building demolition and natural disasters can be a major source of dangerous air pollution. The presence of some substances in concrete, including useful and unwanted additives, can cause health concerns due to toxicity and (usually naturally occurring) radioactivity. Wet concrete is highly alkaline and should always be handled with proper protective equipment. Concrete recycling is increasing in response to improved environmental awareness, legislation, and economic considerations. Conversely, the use of concrete mitigates the use of alternative building materials such as wood, which is a carbon sink. Concrete structures also last much longer than wood structures.
Views: 9 wikipedia tts
Documenting human environmental impacts through photography: Peter Essick at TEDxLaJolla
 
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Recently named one of the 40 most influential nature photographers in the world by Outdoor Photography Magazine, Peter Essick has been a frequent contributor to National Geographic Magazine for 25 years. At National Geographic he has produced 40 feature articles specializing in stories on nature and the environment. He is the author of two books, Our Beautiful, Fragile World and the Ansel Adams Wilderness. He has a bachelor's degree in business from the University of Southern California and a master's degree in photojournalism from the University of Missouri. He lives in Stone Mountain, GA with his wife, Jackie and son, Jalen. About TEDx, x = independently organized event In the spirit of ideas worth spreading, TEDx is a program of local, self-organized events that bring people together to share a TED-like experience. At a TEDx event, TEDTalks video and live speakers combine to spark deep discussion and connection in a small group. These local, self-organized events are branded TEDx, where x = independently organized TED event. The TED Conference provides general guidance for the TEDx program, but individual TEDx events are self-organized.* (*Subject to certain rules and regulations)
Views: 5316 TEDx Talks
Environmental impact of Gulf wars | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_impact_of_Gulf_wars 00:00:35 1 Wars 00:01:27 2 The effects 00:01:42 2.1 Environment 00:04:01 2.2 Health 00:04:16 2.2.1 Cancer 00:04:50 2.2.2 Posttraumatic Stress disorder 00:05:48 2.2.3 Reproductive Effects 00:07:01 3 Prevention and treatment Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.8851893514850763 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-A "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Note: Various sources name these wars differently. For more information please read Gulf War (disambiguation). Persian Gulf countries especially Kuwait and Iraq faced the most damageable environmental disaster because of the behavior of the Iraqi government at that time, which was the main reason of the Gulf wars. Because of the previous, the environment is in poor condition and civilians were not spared of the effect of the wars. It brings many physical and mental disorders for civilians.
Views: 0 wikipedia tts
Environmental impact of manufacturing | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_impact_on_the_environment 00:01:45 1 Causes 00:01:54 1.1 Rapid Growth of Human Population 00:02:47 1.2 Overconsumption 00:05:27 1.3 Technology 00:05:44 1.4 Agriculture 00:07:21 1.4.1 Fishing 00:08:53 1.4.2 Irrigation 00:11:20 1.4.3 Agricultural land loss and soil erosion 00:13:46 1.4.4 Meat production 00:16:51 1.4.5 Palm oil 00:21:54 1.5 Introductions and invasive species 00:22:02 1.6 Energy industry 00:22:59 1.6.1 Biodiesel 00:23:58 1.6.2 Coal mining and burning 00:25:31 1.6.3 Electricity generation 00:26:08 1.6.4 Nuclear power 00:26:41 1.6.5 Oil shale industry 00:28:19 1.6.6 Petroleum 00:29:13 1.6.7 Reservoirs 00:29:43 1.6.8 Wind power 00:31:28 1.7 Light pollution 00:32:48 1.8 Manufactured products 00:33:34 1.8.1 Cleaning agents 00:33:43 1.8.2 Nanotechnology 00:34:01 1.8.3 Leather 00:34:39 1.8.4 Paint 00:34:58 1.8.5 Paper 00:35:42 1.8.6 Plastics 00:36:26 1.8.7 Pesticides 00:36:42 1.8.8 Pharmaceuticals and personal care products 00:38:00 1.9 Mining 00:38:44 1.10 Transport 00:39:44 1.10.1 Aviation 00:41:33 1.10.2 Roads 00:42:44 1.10.3 Shipping 00:43:21 1.11 Military 00:44:38 1.11.1 War 00:45:45 2 Environmental degradation effects 00:46:19 2.1 Mass extinction, defaunation and decline in biodiversity 00:47:14 2.1.1 Death of coral reefs 00:50:00 2.1.2 Decline in amphibian populations 00:51:25 2.1.3 Wastewater 00:51:35 2.2 Global warming 00:53:12 2.3 Habitat destruction 00:55:04 2.4 Land degradation 00:55:30 2.4.1 Desertification 00:56:28 2.5 Ocean acidification 00:56:36 2.6 Ozone depletion 00:56:45 2.7 Water degradation 00:56:54 2.8 Disruption of the nitrogen cycle 00:57:03 3 Effects on human health 00:58:22 3.1 Effects of global warming on human health 00:58:40 3.2 Effects of pollution on human health 00:58:50 4 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.8170887328686434 Voice name: en-AU-Wavenet-C "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Human impact on the environment or anthropogenic impact on the environment includes changes to biophysical environments and ecosystems, biodiversity, and natural resources caused directly or indirectly by humans, including global warming, environmental degradation (such as ocean acidification), mass extinction and biodiversity loss, ecological crisis, and ecological collapse. Modifying the environment to fit the needs of society is causing severe effects, which become worse as the problem of human overpopulation continues. Some human activities that cause damage (either directly or indirectly) to the environment on a global scale include human reproduction, overconsumption, overexploitation, pollution, and deforestation, to name but a few. Some of the problems, including global warming and biodiversity loss pose an existential risk to the human race, and overpopulation causes those problems.The term anthropogenic designates an effect or object resulting from human activity. The term was first used in the technical sense by Russian geologist Alexey Pavlov, and it was first used in English by British ecologist Arthur Tansley in reference to human influences on climax plant communities. The atmospheric scientist Paul Crutzen introduced the term "Anthropocene" in the mid-1970s. The term is sometimes used in the context of pollution emissions that are produced from human activity but also applies broadly to all major human impacts on the environment.
Views: 0 wikipedia tts
Social and environmental impact of palm oil | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_and_environmental_impact_of_palm_oil 00:01:07 1 Statistics 00:03:06 2 Social issues 00:05:05 3 Environmental issues 00:06:59 3.1 Water pollution 00:07:56 3.2 Greenhouse gas emissions 00:11:42 4 National differences 00:11:53 4.1 Indonesia and Malaysia 00:14:44 4.2 Africa 00:15:39 5 Increasing demand 00:16:25 5.1 Biodiesel 00:18:14 6 Sustainability 00:21:37 6.1 Carbon credit programs 00:22:46 6.2 Use of sustainable oil by corporations 00:24:38 6.3 Persuading governments 00:26:03 7 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.7379503406562283 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-E "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Palm oil, produced from the oil palm, is a basic source of income for many farmers in South East Asia, Central and West Africa, and Central America. It is locally used as a cooking oil, exported for use in many commercial food and personal care products and is converted into biofuel. It produces up to 10 times more oil per unit area than soybeans, rapeseed or sunflowers.Oil palms produce 38% of the world's vegetable-oil output on 5% of the world’s vegetable-oil farmland. Palm oil plantations, typically monocrops are under increasing scrutiny for their effects on the environment, including loss of carbon-sequestering, biodiverse forest land. There is also concern over displacement and disruption of human and animal populations due to palm oil cultivation.
Views: 2 wikipedia tts
Batteries, Recycling and the Environment
 
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New Thinking Book: http://bit.ly/NewThinkingbook New Thinking on Google Play: http://bit.ly/NewThinkingGooglePlay It’s clear that a battery revolution is coming, but what are we doing to protect our environment? Here’s a look at the whole picture of lithium ion battery recycling. Subscribe here: https://goo.gl/9FS8uF Check out the previous episode: Become a Patron!: https://www.patreon.com/ColdFusion_TV CF Bitcoin address: 13SjyCXPB9o3iN4LitYQ2wYKeqYTShPub8 Hi, welcome to ColdFusion (formerly known as ColdfusTion). Experience the cutting edge of the world around us in a fun relaxed atmosphere. Sources: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0378775318308498?via%3Dihub https://www.researchgate.net/publication/272402947_The_future_of_automotive_lithium-ion_battery_recycling_Charting_a_sustainable_course https://www.researchgate.net/publication/315808572_State_of_research_on_Li-Ion_battery_recycling https://www.energy.gov/articles/energy-department-announces-battery-recycling-prize-and-battery-recycling-rd-center https://www.sustainability.vic.gov.au/About-Us/Latest-News/2018/04/26/04/57/Australias-first-lithium-battery-recycling-plant-opens https://www.csiro.au/en/Research/EF/Areas/Energy-storage/Battery-recycling http://www.batteryrecycling.org.au/recycling/lithium-ion-batteries http://theconversation.com/politically-charged-do-you-know-where-your-batteries-come-from-80886 http://www.miningfeeds.com/2015/06/11/brine-harvesting-of-lithium-vs-hard-rock-mining/ https://www.visualcapitalist.com/a-cost-comparison-lithium-brine-vs-hard-rock-exploration/ //Soundtrack// **coming soon** » ColdFusion Book "New Thinking" | https://newthinkingbook.squarespace.com/about/ » Facebook | https://www.facebook.com/ColdFusionTV » My music | http://burnwater.bandcamp.com or » http://www.soundcloud.com/burnwater » https://www.patreon.com/ColdFusion_TV » Collection of music used in videos: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YOrJJKW31OA Producer: Dagogo Altraide » Twitter | @ColdFusion_TV » Insta | coldfusiontv
Views: 282378 ColdFusion
Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Convention_on_Environmental_Impact_Assessment_in_a_Transboundary_Context 00:00:57 1 Amendments 00:02:26 2 Procedure 00:04:07 3 Inquiry commissions 00:04:50 4 Related issues 00:05:12 5 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.8767307078510493 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-E "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context (informally called the Espoo Convention) is a United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) convention signed in Espoo, Finland, in 1991 that entered into force in 1997. The Convention sets out the obligations of Parties—that is States that have agreed to be bound by the Convention—to carry out an environmental impact assessment of certain activities at an early stage of planning. It also lays down the general obligation of States to notify and consult each other on all major projects under consideration that are likely to have a significant adverse environmental impact across boundaries. As of April 2014, the treaty had been ratified by 44 states and the European Union.
Views: 0 wikipedia tts
Environmental impact of plastics | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plastic_pollution 00:02:26 1 Types of plastic debris 00:03:45 1.1 Microdebris 00:06:14 1.2 Macrodebris 00:07:00 2 Decomposition of plastics 00:08:27 3 Persistent organic pollutants 00:09:00 4 Effects on the environment 00:09:57 5 Effects of plastic on land 00:11:00 5.1 Effects of plastic on oceans 00:13:29 5.1.1 Sources of ocean-based plastic pollution 00:15:27 5.1.2 Land-based sources of ocean plastic pollution 00:18:07 5.1.3 Plastic pollution in the Pacific Ocean 00:20:05 5.2 Plastic pollution in tap water 00:21:32 6 Effects on animals 00:22:24 6.1 Entanglement 00:23:56 6.2 Ingestion 00:24:05 6.2.1 Marine animals 00:27:07 6.2.2 Birds 00:30:54 7 Effects on humans 00:32:29 7.1 Clinical significance 00:33:12 7.1.1 Thyroid hormone axis 00:33:55 7.1.2 Sex hormones 00:34:35 8 Reduction efforts 00:35:29 8.1 Biodegradable and degradable plastics 00:36:51 8.2 Incineration 00:37:37 8.3 Policy 00:39:45 8.4 Institutional arrangements in Canada 00:43:07 8.5 Collection 00:45:16 8.6 Non-usage and reduction in usage 00:48:33 9 Action for creating awareness 00:49:48 10 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.8685484834175706 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-D "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Plastic pollution is the accumulation of plastic objects (e.g.: plastic bottles and much more) in the Earth's environment that adversely affects wildlife, wildlife habitat, and humans. Plastics that act as pollutants are categorized into micro-, meso-, or macro debris, based on size. Plastics are inexpensive and durable, and as a result levels of plastic production by humans are high. However, the chemical structure of most plastics renders them resistant to many natural processes of degradation and as a result they are slow to degrade. Together, these two factors have led to a high prominence of plastic pollution in the environment. Plastic pollution can afflict land, waterways and oceans. It is estimated that 1.1 to 8.8 million metric tons (MT) of plastic waste enters the ocean from costal communities each year. Living organisms, particularly marine animals, can be harmed either by mechanical effects, such as entanglement in plastic objects or problems related to ingestion of plastic waste, or through exposure to chemicals within plastics that interfere with their physiology. Humans are also affected by plastic pollution, such as through disruption of various hormonal mechanisms. As of 2018, about 380 million tons of plastic is produced worldwide each year. From the 1950s up to 2018, an estimated 6.3 billion tons of plastic has been produced worldwide, of which an estimated 9% has been recycled and another 12% has been incinerated. In the UK alone, more than 5 million tonnes of plastic are consumed each year, of which only an estimated one-quarter is recycled, with the remainder going to landfills. This large amount of plastic waste inevitably enters the environment, with studies suggesting that the bodies of 90% of seabirds contain plastic debris. In some areas there have been significant efforts to reduce the prominence of plastic pollution, through reducing plastic consumption and promoting plastic recycling.Some researchers suggest that by 2050 there could be more plastic than fish in the oceans by weight.
Views: 16 wikipedia tts
Environmental impact of pharmaceuticals and personal care products | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_impact_of_pharmaceuticals_and_personal_care_products 00:01:10 1 Overview 00:04:20 1.1 Safe disposal 00:06:54 2 Types 00:08:07 3 Routes into the environment 00:12:13 4 Presence in the environment 00:15:32 5 Effects 00:15:41 5.1 Human 00:24:33 5.2 Recommendations 00:28:06 5.3 Environmental 00:31:55 6 Current research 00:34:22 6.1 Pharmacoenvironmentology 00:35:26 6.2 Ecopharmacovigilance 00:37:16 6.3 Ecopharmacology 00:38:46 6.4 Fate of pharmaceuticals in sewage treatment plants 00:43:31 6.5 Regulation 00:45:39 7 Examples 00:45:48 7.1 Blister packs 00:49:24 7.2 Nail polish remover 00:52:54 8 Pending questions 00:54:17 9 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.9265437866528203 Voice name: en-AU-Wavenet-A "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The environmental effect of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) is currently being widely investigated. PPCPs include substances used by individuals for personal health or cosmetic reasons and the products used by agribusiness to boost growth or health of livestock. More than twenty million tons of PPCPs are produced every year. PPCPs have been detected in water bodies throughout the world. The effects of these chemicals on humans and the environment are not yet known, but to date there is no scientific evidence that they affect human health.[2] Further research is needed to evaluate the risks of toxicity, persistence, and bioaccumulation. PPCPs encompass environmental persistent pharmaceutical pollutants (EPPPs) and are one type of persistent organic pollutants. They are not removed from wastewater by conventional methods. The European Union has declared pharmaceutical residues with the potential of contamination of water and soil to be "priority substances".[3]
Views: 3 wikipedia tts
Environmental impact statement | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_impact_statement 00:01:08 1 Purpose 00:06:24 2 Layout 00:10:18 3 NEPA process 00:16:50 3.1 Tiering 00:18:12 4 Strengths 00:19:10 5 Limitations 00:20:33 6 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.7973819492956834 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-E "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= An environmental impact statement (EIS), under United States environmental law, is a document required by the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) for certain actions "significantly affecting the quality of the human environment". An EIS is a tool for decision making. It describes the positive and negative environmental effects of a proposed action, and it usually also lists one or more alternative actions that may be chosen instead of the action described in the EIS. Several U.S. state governments require that a document similar to an EIS be submitted to the state for certain actions. For example, in California, an Environmental Impact Report (EIR) must be submitted to the state for certain actions, as described in the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA). One of the primary authors of the act is Lynton K. Caldwell.(American political scientist)
Views: 1 wikipedia tts
Environmental effects of wind power | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_impact_of_wind_power 00:03:05 1 Basic operational considerations 00:03:16 1.1 Net energy gain 00:04:31 1.2 Pollution & effects on the grid 00:04:34 1.2.1 Pollution costs 00:06:31 1.2.2 Findings when connected to the grid 00:11:40 1.3 Rare-earth use 00:12:35 2 Ecology 00:12:44 2.1 Land use 00:17:01 2.1.1 Livestock 00:18:01 2.2 Impact on wildlife 00:19:32 2.2.1 Birds 00:31:37 2.2.2 Bats 00:32:51 2.3 Weather and climate change 00:35:17 3 Impacts on people 00:35:27 3.1 Aesthetics 00:38:54 3.2 Wind turbine syndrome 00:39:21 3.3 Safety 00:40:46 4 Offshore 00:43:43 5 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.9292396521420176 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-A "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The environmental impact of wind power when compared to the environmental impacts of fossil fuels, is relatively minor. Compared with other low carbon power sources, wind turbines have some of the lowest global warming potential per unit of electrical energy generated. According to the IPCC, in assessments of the life-cycle global warming potential of energy sources, wind turbines have a median value of between 15 and 11 (gCO2eq/kWh) depending on whether off- or onshore turbines are being assessed.In addition to climate change threats, the IPBES continues to warn of the accelerating extinction of species. Wind turbines, like many other human activities and artificial structures, contribute significant numbers of added bat and avian deaths. A summary of the existing field studies as compiled in 2010 from the National Wind Coordinating Collaborative identified fewer than 14 and typically less the 4 bird deaths per installed megawatt per year, but a wider variation in the number of bat fatalities. Like other investigations, it concluded that some species (e.g. migrating bats and songbirds) are known to be impacted more than others and that factors such as turbine siting can be important, however many details as well as the overall extent of the potential impact from the growing number of turbines remain unclear. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory maintains a database of the scientific literature on the subject, including several thousand papers relating to the impacts of wind power on wildlife. While wind turbine installations may cover a large area, they are compatible with many land uses such as farming and grazing, as only small areas of turbine foundations and infrastructure are made unavailable for use.Wind turbines generate some noise. At a residential distance of 300 metres (980 ft) this may be around 45 dB, which is slightly louder than a refrigerator. At 1.5 km (1 mi) distance most wind turbines become inaudible. From a fundamental biological point of view, it is known that loud noise increases stress and stress causes diseases. Wind turbines do not affect human health from noise when properly placed. However, when improperly sited, data from the monitoring of two groups of growing geese revealed substantially lower body weights and higher concentrations of a stress hormone in the blood of the first group of geese who were situated 50 meters away compared to a second group which was at a distance of 500 meters from the turbine.Aesthetic aspects of wind turbines and resulting changes of the visual landscape can be significant. Conflicts arise especially in scenic and heritage protected landscapes. Siting restrictions (such as setbacks) have often been implemented to limit any intrusive environmental impacts.
Views: 2 wikipedia tts
Environmental impact of biofuels | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Issues_relating_to_biofuels 00:01:39 1 Social and economic effects 00:01:51 1.1 Oil price moderation 00:03:14 1.2 "Food vs. fuel" debate 00:05:41 1.3 Poverty reduction 00:07:39 1.4 Sustainable biofuel production 00:08:18 2 Environmental effects 00:08:29 2.1 Soil erosion and deforestation 00:10:30 2.2 Effect on water resources 00:12:58 2.3 Pollution 00:15:21 3 Technical issues 00:15:31 3.1 Energy efficiency and energy balance 00:17:40 3.2 Economic viability 00:19:13 3.3 Carbon emissions 00:25:19 3.4 Engine design 00:26:18 4 Campaigns 00:31:57 5 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.7497795590265418 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-F "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= There are various social, economic, environmental and technical issues with biofuel production and use, which have been discussed in the popular media and scientific journals. These include: the effect of moderating oil prices, the "food vs fuel" debate, poverty reduction potential, carbon emissions levels, sustainable biofuel production, deforestation and soil erosion, loss of biodiversity, effect on water resources, the possible modifications necessary to run the engine on biofuel, as well as energy balance and efficiency. The International Resource Panel, which provides independent scientific assessments and expert advice on a variety of resource-related themes, assessed the issues relating to biofuel use in its first report Towards sustainable production and use of resources: Assessing Biofuels. In it, it outlined the wider and interrelated factors that need to be considered when deciding on the relative merits of pursuing one biofuel over another. It concluded that not all biofuels perform equally in terms of their effect on climate, energy security and ecosystems, and suggested that environmental and social effects need to be assessed throughout the entire life-cycle.
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Katherout: Vegan for 30 Days | Vegetarian for the Environment? | Mukbang
 
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Hi guys! Happy weekend! Join us for another Mukbang discussion surrounding Katherout's recent experience going vegan for 30 days and then reverting back to vegetarian. We dive deep into the manure...err the impact that consuming dairy and eggs has on our environment. You guys wouldn't believe some of the stuff we found out! And please check out the very comprehensive sources we listed below! ~*~*~*~~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~* SOURCES ---STUDIES--- Diet and body mass index in 38000 EPIC-Oxford meat-eaters, fish-eaters, vegetarians and vegans. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12833118 Environmental impacts and sustainability of egg production systems. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21177468 Nutrition and Health – The Association between Eating Behavior and Various Health Parameters: A Matched Sample Study http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article/file?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0088278&type=printable Role of dairy in the carbon footprint of US beef http://www.pnas.org/content/112/8/E820 Role of dairy in the carbon footprint of US beef. Supporting Information. http://www.pnas.org/content/pnas/suppl/2014/07/19/1402183111.DCSupplemental/pnas.201402183SI.pdf USDA. Ag By-Products. Chapter 3 Poultry Manure Management. www.ars.usda.gov/is/np/agbyproducts/agbychap3.pdf ---ARTICLES--- The Damage of Dairy: The Environmental Impact of a Massive Industry https://www.socialworkhelper.com/2017/01/30/damage-dairy-environmental-impact-massive-industry/ Green Eggs vs. Ham http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/the_green_lantern/2010/06/green_eggs_vs_ham.html Modern Farmer. What To Do With All of the Poo? https://modernfarmer.com/2014/08/manure-usa/ Methane emissions from landfills subjected to new EPA regulations http://theamericanenergynews.com/energy-news/methane-emissions-from-landfills-subjected-to-new-epa-regulations The water footprint of food. http://waterfootprint.org/media/downloads/Hoekstra-2008-WaterfootprintFood.pdf ---ORGANIZATIONS / EDUCATION--- As Dairy Farms Grow Bigger, New Concerns About Pollution https://www.nytimes.com/2015/05/04/business/energy-environment/how-growth-in-dairy-is-affecting-the-environment.html CDC. Understanding Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations and Their Impact on Communities. https://www.cdc.gov/nceh/ehs/docs/understanding_cafos_nalboh.pdf Egg production study explores environmental impact of industry https://www.news.iastate.edu/news/2015/03/12/eggindustry2015 Industrial Livestock Production http://www.sustainabletable.org/859/industrial-livestock-production Water Foundation. Food Facts: How Much Water Does it take to Produce...? http://www.watereducation.org/post/food-facts-how-much-water-does-it-take-produce World Wildlife. Dairy. https://www.worldwildlife.org/industries/dairy ---NEWS--- California's Dairy Farms Come With Big Environmental Cost https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r2KH2nDZTIY Cheese really is crack. Study reveals cheese is as addictive as drugs http://www.latimes.com/food/dailydish/la-dd-cheese-addictive-drugs-20151022-story.html Cow Farts Have ‘Larger Greenhouse Gas Impact’ Than Previously Thought; Methane Pushes Climate Change http://www.ibtimes.com/cow-farts-have-larger-greenhouse-gas-impact-previously-thought-methane-pushes-climate-change-1487502 The Growth in Dairy Is Affecting the Environment https://www.nytimes.com/2015/05/04/business/energy-environment/how-growth-in-dairy-is-affecting-the-environment.html The most polluting protein? Environmental impact of beef, pork, poultry https://www.cbsnews.com/news/the-most-polluting-protein-environmental-impact-of-beef-pork-poultry/ North Carolina hog farmers stinking up the neighborhood https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hauftMODKJ4 ~*~*~*~~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~* --MERCH-- https://www.etsy.com/shop/ThoseAnnoyingVegans And please help us continue creating great content by visiting our Patreon page: https://www.patreon.com/thoseannoyingvegans Follow us on Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter for informative articles, videos, and funny memes! Help us spread the word about veganism and all these delicious vegan food options! Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/ThoseAnnoyingVegans Instagram: thoseannoyingvegans Twitter: AnnoyingVegans ---OUR OTHER VIDEOS--- Have You Inspired Someone? Hint: Yes | Vegan Tofu Spring Rolls https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=onh31tGw1BA Why Is There Milk In This!? | EPIC Tomato Sauce https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6hqtOI3IzWo Vegan Is Love | Pink Strawberry Cupcakes for Valentine's Day https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vzyH3HpFEu0 What's In Our Pantry? | Kitchen Tour https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cC0iiHLt5Dw ---MUSIC--- Good Morning - LAKEY INSPIRED: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RH1gC45vlMc Nameless Warning - You're Worth It: http://youtu.be/dtHli5Y2E14
Views: 14829 Those Annoying Vegans
Environmental impact of fishing | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_impact_of_fishing 00:01:23 1 Effects on Marine habitat 00:03:24 2 Overfishing 00:05:49 3 Ecological disruption 00:07:10 4 Bycatch 00:07:37 5 Shark finning and culling 00:07:46 5.1 Shark finning 00:08:29 5.2 Shark culling 00:09:44 6 Marine debris 00:11:14 7 Importance of Recreational Fishing Impacts 00:12:26 8 Countermeasures 00:12:34 8.1 Fisheries management and fish farming 00:14:52 8.2 Marine reserves 00:15:52 8.3 Catch-and-release 00:17:05 9 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.9017798065153617 Voice name: en-AU-Wavenet-C "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The environmental impact of fishing includes issues such as the availability of fish, overfishing, fisheries, and fisheries management; as well as the impact of fishing on other elements of the environment, such as by-catch. These issues are part of marine conservation, and are addressed in fisheries science programs. There is a growing gap between the supply of fish and demand, due in part to world population growth.The journal Science published a four-year study in November 2006, which predicted that, at prevailing trends, the world would run out of wild-caught seafood in 2048. The scientists stated that the decline was a result of overfishing, pollution and other environmental factors that were reducing the population of fisheries at the same time as their ecosystems were being annihilated. Yet again the analysis has met criticism as being fundamentally flawed, and many fishery management officials, industry representatives and scientists challenge the findings, although the debate continues. Many countries, such as Tonga, the United States, Australia and Bahamas, and international management bodies have taken steps to appropriately manage marine resources.Reefs are also being destroyed by overfishing because of the huge nets that are dragged along the ocean floor while trawling. Many corals are being destroyed and as a consequence, the ecological niche of many species is at stake.
Views: 3 wikipedia tts