Search results “The bond yield to maturity calculation is”

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In this lesson, we began to understand the important terms that truly value a bond. Since most investors will never hold a bond throughout the entire term, understanding how to value the asset becomes very important. As we get into the second course of this website, a thorough understanding of these terms is needed. So, be sure to learn it now and not jump ahead.
We learned that there are two ways to look at the value of a bond, simple interest and compound interest. As an intelligent investor, you'll really want to focus on understanding compound interest. The term that was really important to understand in this lesson was yield to maturity. This term was really important because it accounted for almost every variable we could consider when determining the true value (or intrinsic value) of the bond. Yield to Maturity estimates the total amount of money you will earn over the entire life of the bond, but it actually accounts for all coupons, interest-on-interest, and gains or losses you'll sustain from the difference between the price you pay and the par value.

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Preston Pysh

This video from N S TOOR School of Banking, explains the concept of Yield to Maturity. It also provides a case study to understand the concept of YTM

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Ns Toor

This video will show you how to calculate the bond price and yield to maturity in a financial calculator.
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I Hate Math Group, Inc

UPDATE: You can also find the YTM by trial and error. If you plug in 0.06 for the YTM in the equation this gives you $91,575, which is lower than $92,227. YTM = 0.058 gives you $92,376, which is a little bit higher than $92,227. YTM = 0.0585 gives you $92,175, but YTM = 0.0584 gives you $92,215 which is very close to $92,227. Thus, 5.84% is the approximate YTM
This video explains how to calculate the yield-to-maturity of a coupon bond. A comprehensive example is provided that shows the formula for calculating the yield, but the video also provides a Microsoft Excel formula that provides an easier means of determining the yield.
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Edspira

Given four inputs (price, term/maturity, coupon rate, and face/par value), we can use the calculator's I/Y to find the bond's yield (yield to maturity). For more financial risk videos, visit our website! http://www.bionicturtle.com

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Bionic Turtle

An example of calculating Yield-to-Maturity using the 5-key approach.

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Kevin Bracker

Yield to maturity (YTM) is the total return anticipated on a bond if the bond is held until the end of its lifetime. Yield to maturity is considered a long-term bond yield, but is expressed as an annual rate. In other words, it is the internal rate of return of an investment in a bond if the investor holds the bond until maturity and if all payments are made as scheduled.
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Yield to maturity (YTM) is the total return anticipated on a bond if the bond is held until the end of its lifetime. ... In other words, it is the internal rate of return of an investment in a bond if the investor holds the bond until maturity and if all payments are made as scheduled.
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Yadnya Investment Academy

Why yields go down when prices go up. Created by Sal Khan.
Watch the next lesson:
https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/core-finance/stock-and-bonds/bonds-tutorial/v/annual-interest-varying-with-debt-maturity?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=financeandcapitalmarkets
Missed the previous lesson? Watch here: https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/core-finance/stock-and-bonds/bonds-tutorial/v/relationship-between-bond-prices-and-interest-rates?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=financeandcapitalmarkets
Finance and capital markets on Khan Academy: Both corporations and governments can borrow money by selling bonds. This tutorial explains how this works and how bond prices relate to interest rates. In general, understanding this not only helps you with your own investing, but gives you a lens on the entire global economy.
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Khan Academy

In this revision video we work through some numerical examples of the inverse relationship between the market price of fixed-interest government bonds and the yields on those bonds.
Government bonds are fixed interest securities. This means that a bond pays a fixed annual interest – this is known as the coupon
The coupon (paid in £s, $s, Euros etc.) is fixed but the yield on a bond will vary
The yield is effectively the interest rate on a bond. The yield will vary inversely with the market price of a bond
1.When bond prices are rising, the yield will fall
2.When bond prices are falling, the yield will rise
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tutor2u

A brief demonstration on finding the Yield to Maturity of a bond

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Friendly Finance with Chandra S. Bhatnagar

A brief demonstration on calculating the price of a bond and its YTM on a financial calculator

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Friendly Finance with Chandra S. Bhatnagar

In this video, you will learn to find out yield to maturity for a bond.

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maxus knowledge

In this tutorial, you’ll learn how to approximate the Yield to Maturity (YTM) of a bond, including how you might modify it to cover Yield to Call and Yield to Put as well as real-life scenarios with debt investing.
http://breakingintowallstreet.com/
"Financial Modeling Training And Career Resources For Aspiring Investment Bankers"
Table of Contents:
1:14 Part 1: The Yield to Maturity (YTM) and What It Means
5:27 Part 2: How to Quickly Approximate YTM
10:19 Part 3: How to Extend the Formula to Yield to Call and Yield to Put
13:32 Part 4: How to Use This Approximation in Real Life
16:27 Recap and Summary
Part 1: The Yield to Maturity (YTM) and What It Means
Yield to Maturity is the internal rate of return (IRR) from buying the bond at its current market price and holding it to maturity.
Assumption #1: You hold the bond until maturity.
Assumption #2: The issuer pays all the coupon and principal payments, in full, on the scheduled dates.
Assumption #3: You reinvest the coupons at the same rate.
Intuition: What’s the *average* annual interest rate % + capital gain or loss % you earn from the bond?
You can use the YIELD function to calculate this in Excel:
=YIELD(Settlement Date, Maturity Date, Coupon Rate, Bond Price % Par Value Out of the Number 100, 100, Coupon Frequency)
For example, if you buy a 5% bond for 96.23% of its par value on December 31, 2014, and hold it until its maturity on December 31, 2024, you could enter:
=YIELD(“12/31/2014”, “12/31/2024”, 5%, 96.23, 100.00, 1) = 5.500%
You could also project the cash flows from the bond and use the IRR function to calculate YTM, but this will work only for annual periods and annual coupons.
Part 2: How to Quickly Approximate YTM
Approximate YTM = (Annual Interest + (Par Value – Bond Price) / # Years to Maturity) / (Par Value + Bond Price) / 2
Intuition: Each year, you earn interest PLUS an annualized gain on the bond price if it’s purchased at a discount (or a loss if it’s purchased at a premium).
And you earn that amount on the “average” between the initial bond price and the amount you get back upon maturity.
For example, on a 10-year $1,000 bond with a price of $900 and coupon of 5%:
Annual Interest = 5% * $1,000 = $50
Par Value – Bond Price = $1,000 – $900 = $100
(Par Value + Bond Price) / 2 = ($1,000 + $900) / 2 = $950
Approximate YTM = ($50 + $100 / 10) / $950 = $60 / $950 = ~6.3%
There are a few limitations: the approximation doesn’t work as well with big discounts or premiums to par value, nor does it work as well with different settlement and maturity days. It also will not handle floating interest rates since it assumes a fixed coupon.
Part 3: How to Extend the Formula to Yield to Call and Yield to Put
Call options on bonds let companies redeem a bond early when interest rates have fallen, or its credit rating has improved, meaning it can refinance at a lower rate.
Usually, the company has to pay a premium to par value to call the bond early.
Put options are the opposite, and let investors force early redemption (usually when interest rates have risen, or the company’s credit rating has fallen).
Approximate Yield to Call or Yield to Put = (Annual Interest + (Redemption Price – Bond Price) / # Years to Maturity) / ((Redemption Price + Bond Price) / 2)
For example, to calculate the Yield to Call on a 10-year $1,000 bond with a price of $900, coupon of 5%, and a call date 3 years from now at a redemption price of 103:
Approximate YTC = ($50 + ($1,030 – $900) / 3) / (($1,030 + $900) / 2)
Approximate YTC = ($50 + $43) / $965 = $93 /$965 = ~9.7%, which you can estimate as “just under 10%”
Part 4: How to Use This Approximation in Real Life
Example: You’re at a credit fund that targets a 10% IRR on investments in high-yield debt.
JC Penney has a 4-year 7.950% bond that’s currently trading at 91.75 (as in, 91.75% of par value).
This seems like an easy “yes”: you get around 8% interest per year + an 8% discount / 4, and ~10% / average price of 96% results in a yield just above 10%.
BUT will a distressed company be able to repay the bond principal upon maturity? What if its financial situation worsens?
You estimate that in the best-case scenario, you’ll get 65% of the principal back upon maturity (65% “recovery percentage”). The recovery percentage will be 47% and 13% in more pessimistic cases.
Scenario 1 Approximate YTM: (8% – 27% / 4) / 78.5% = 1.6%
Scenario 2 Approximate YTM: (8% – 45% / 4) / 69.5% = -4.7%
So this is almost certainly a “No Invest” decision if these recovery percentages are accurate – even in the Upside Case, we’re far below 10%.
RESOURCES:
https://youtube-breakingintowallstreet-com.s3.amazonaws.com/Yield-to-Maturity-Formula-Slides.pdf
https://youtube-breakingintowallstreet-com.s3.amazonaws.com/Yield-to-Maturity-Formula.xlsx

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Mergers & Inquisitions / Breaking Into Wall Street

This video makes a clear distinction between two commonly conflated fixed income market concepts: yield to maturity and rate of return. Though often described as a measure of future returns and regularly used as a proxy for such, as ways of conceiving of yield to maturity those interpretations are respectively inaccurate and potentially problematic. The presentation illustrates the method for computing the two measures and identifies why they will likely never be the same for long-term coupon securities.
InsidersGuideToFinance.com
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Insider's Guide to Finance

The current yield and yield to maturity (YTM) are two popular bond yield measures. The current yield tells investors what they will earn from buying a bond and holding it for one year. The yield to maturity (YTM) is the bond's anticipated return if held until it matures.

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Investopedia

Hello friends! In this video you will learn the following concepts of Accounting and Finance as well as for Advanced Bank Management. This way we'll cover module b Business Mathematics of Advance Bank Management of CAIIB. This is concept of time value of money. You'll also get the idea of Net present value.
What is yield to maturity (YTM)?
What is bond?
How to calculate Yield to Maturity (YTM) ?
Introduction of yeild to maturity
Value a Bond and Calculate Yield to Maturity (YTM)
Related terms to bond.
Numerical on bond
Value of bond
JAIIB CAIIB BOND BASICS DIFFERENCE BETWEEN YIELD AND YTM
Coupon rate
face value
Finding Yield to Maturity using Excel
How to calculate yield to maturity?

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GrowYourself

This video demonstrates how to calculate the yield-to-maturity of a zero-coupon bond. It also provides a formula that can be used to calculate the YTM of any zero-coupon bond.
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Edspira

Yield to maturity (YTM, yield) is the bond's internal rate of return (IRR). It is the rate that discounts future cash flows to the current market price. For more financial risk management videos, visit our website at http://www.bionicturtle.com!

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Bionic Turtle

In this lecture, we price the same standard bond given three different ratings agency ratings, which has given us three different required overall yields to get from the bond, given the changing levels of risk.
After explaining the theory of present valuing the different fixed cashflows, we then use an Excel spreadsheet to calculate the three different bond prices.
The lecture finishes with an Excel chart which displays the relationships between coupon rate, flat yield, and yield to maturity, as well as highlighting the most important concept in bond trading; when required interest rates go up, bond prices go down, and when required interest rates go down, bond prices go up.
For those who wish to know how to calculate a yield to maturity given a market bond price, see the next lecture.
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MithrilMoney

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KEY POINTS
1. Bond prices and bond yields move in opposite directions. When bond prices go up, that means yields are going down; when bond prices go down, this means yields are going up. Mathematically, this is because yield is equal to:
annual coupon payments/price paid for bond
A decrease in price is thus a decrease in the denominator of the equation, which in turn results in a larger number.
2. Conceptually, the reason for why a decrease in bond price results in an increase bond yields can be understood through an example.
a. Suppose a corporation issues a bond to a bondholder for $100, and with a promise of $5 in coupon payments per year. This bond thus has a yield of 5%. ($5/$100 = 5%)
b. Suppose the same corporation then issues additional bonds, also for $100 but this time promising $6 in coupon payments for year -- and thus yielding 6%.
No rational investor would choose the old bond; instead, they would all purchase the new bond, because it yielded more and was at the same price. As a result, if a holder of the old bonds needed to sell them, he/she would need to do so at a lower price. For instance, if holder of the old bonds was willing to sell it at $83.33, than any prospective buyer would get a bond that earned $5 in coupon payments on an $83.33 payment -- effectively an annual yield of 6% (5/83.33). The yield to maturity could be even higher, since the bond would give the bondholder $100 upon reaching maturity.
3. The longer the duration of the bonds, the more sensitivity there is to interest rate moves. For instance, if interest rates rise in year 3 of a 30 year bond (meaning there are 27 years left until maturity) the price of the bond would fall more than if interest rates rise in year 3 of a 5 year bond. This is because an interest in interest rates reduces the relative appeal of existing coupon payments, and the more coupon payments that are remaining, the more interest rate fluctuations will impact the price of the bond.
4. Lastly, a small note on jargon: when investors or commentators say, "bonds are up," (or down) they are referring to bond prices. "Bonds are up" thus means bond prices are up and yields are down; conversely, "bonds are down" means bond prices are down and yields are up.

Views: 61304
InformedTrades

Bonds and Bond Yields. A video covering Bonds and Bond Yields
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EconplusDal

There are several different types of yield you can use to compare potential returns on an investment. Chip Loughridge with Zions Direct explains Current Yield and Yield to Maturity, as well as when you would typically use these calculations.
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Zions TV

This narrated PPT describes how a zero coupon bond works, along with an example of how to calculate the yield to maturity. We contrast the yield to maturity with the bond equivalent yield.

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Elizabeth Schmitt

The yield to maturity (YTM), book yield or redemption yield of a bond or other fixed-interest security, such as gilts, is the internal rate of return (IRR, overall interest rate) earned by an investor who buys the bond today at the market price, assuming that the bond will be held until maturity
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Learning sessions

Example: Suppose you have a risk-free bond that has a face value of $100, a two year maturity, pays a 3 percent coupon with semiannual coupons. The bond is currently trading at $97. What are the stream of cash flows associated with the bond? What is the yield to maturity.

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Jonathan Kalodimos, PhD

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Yield to Maturity
This is a rate of return which is generated by a bond over a period up to its maturity. If the future cash flows of interest and redemption price are discounted using YTM, the present value of such cash flows will be equal to its actual market price. In other words, a rate of discounting which can make the intrinsic value equal to the actual market price can be considered as YTM Rate.
For example, if a bond is issued at par with face value of ` 1,000 and redeemable at par with coupon rate of 10% per annum is actually providing the yield of 10% per annum. In other words, the YTM of such bond shall be 10% per annum.
However, in the same example if the bond is redeemable at premium, other things remaining same, it would obviously provide an yield higher than 10%.
Annuity Bonds
These bonds are paid over a period of time by the same amount of cash flows each year. Therefore, there is neither any coupon payment nor any redemption price. All the cash flows of these bonds are spread over their life by way of annuities.
These are bonds which would repay the principal over its life along with interest by way of constant cash flows. For example, a bond that is issued at ` 1,000 with 5 years life provides an annuity of ` 260 per annum at end of each year over its life of 5 years.
The total cash flows over 5 years will be (` 260 x 5) = ` 1,300
This includes the principal repayment of ` 1,000 and the total interest of ` 300.
Changes in Intrinsic Value of Bond as it approaches its Maturity
(Inter-relationship between Intrinsic value and Redeemable Value)
The intrinsic value of the bond gets closer to the redemption price as and when the bond approaches its maturity. If a Premium Bond is redeemable at par, its intrinsic value constantly declines over time. If a Discount Bond is redeemable at par, its intrinsic value constantly rises over time.
Zero Coupon Bonds (ZCB)
These are bonds which do not provide any coupon payments. In other words, there is no interest payable on such bonds. These bonds are either issued at nominal discount or at par and redeemable at a significant premium. The present value of cash flows from this bond considers only the present value of redemption price which is its intrinsic value. With maturity date coming closer the intrinsic value of such bonds increases.
Deep Discount Bonds (DDB)
These are such zero coupon bonds, which are redeemable at par but issued at significant discount.
Callable Bonds
A callable bond is such a bond that provides an option to the issuer to call for redemption at an earlier date as compared to maturity. Such bonds are generally redeemed before maturity if the interest rate in the market declines. Inversely if the interest rate increases the issuer will opt for redemption of the bonds at the specified maturity date only. The call date is a specified date at which the issuer can call for premature redemption. The call price of a bond generally is higher than the redemption price payable on maturity, in order to compensate the investor.
Yield to Call (YTC)
YTC is applicable only for callable bonds. YTC is determined just like YTM. The only difference is, while determining YTC the applicable date of redemption will be the call date and not maturity date and the redemption value applicable at the call date shall be considered in place of redemption at maturity.
#Bonds , #Finance , #CAFinal , #FinancialLearning , #CAFinalSFM , #StrategicFinancialManagement , #SFM ,

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CA Nikhil Jobanputra

This is a simple example for the calculation of current yield and yield to maturity of a bond.

Views: 21912
DrCaoMoney

An example of Yield-to-Call using the 5-key approach. Also discusses the call provision and when a bond is likely to be called.

Views: 34048
Kevin Bracker

An example of finding the YTM (yield to maturity) of a bond using the =RATE formula in Excel.

Views: 49941
Jeff Davis

Video provides step-by-step instructions for finding the yield of a corporate bond using the Texas Instruments BA-II Plus Calculator

Views: 124141
Jim McIntyre

What's the difference between a spot rate and a bond's yield-to-maturity? In this video you'll learn how to find the price of the bond using spot rates, as well as how to find the yield-to-maturity of a bond once we know it's price.
Simply put, spot rates are used to discount cash flows happening at a particular point in time, back to time 0. A bond's yield-to-maturity is the overall return that the investor will make by purchasing the bond - think of it as a weighted average!

Views: 4492
Arnold Tutoring

Views: 108263
Rahul Malkan

Download Fixed Income Question Bank: http://www.edupristine.com/ca/free-10-day-course/cfa-fixed-income/
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YTM (Yield to Maturity): of a bond or other fixed-interest security, such as gilts, is the internal rate of return (IRR, overall interest rate) earned by an investor who buys the bond today at the market price, assuming that the bond will be held until maturity, and that all coupon and principal payments will be made on schedule.
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EduPristine

Calculating bond’s yield to maturity using excel

Views: 9156
InLecture

bham bahm 108

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Venkata Ramana Melpadi

In this video, you will go through an example to find out the yield to call of a bond.

Views: 5069
maxus knowledge

In this introductory lecture, we explain the conceptual framework behind 'Yield To Maturity' and why it is conceptually different from 'Flat Yield'.
In the next two lectures, we will further explore the ideas put forward in this lecture, and both price a bond, given a yield to maturity input, and calculate a yield to maturity, given a bond price input.
Previous: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J0QNupJbBsw
Next: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C1b-UPfeBo0
For financial education from London to Singapore and beyond, please contact MithrilMoney via the following website:
http://mithrilmoney.com/
This MithrilMoney lecture was delivered by Andy Duncan, CQF.
Please read our disclaimer:
http://mithrilmoney.com/disclaimer/

Views: 46591
MithrilMoney

Download Excel workbook http://people.highline.edu/mgirvin/ExcelIsFun.htm
Learn how to Calculate YTM and Effective Annual Yield From Bond Cash Flows using the RATE & EFFECT Functions.

Views: 21939
ExcelIsFun

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Join us in the discussion on InformedTrades: http://www.informedtrades.com/2002515-introduction-yield-maturity.html
KEY POINTS
1. Yield to Maturity is the yield of the remaining payments due on a bond relative to its purchase price. Mathematically, the equation looks something like this:
((Sum of remaining coupon payments + par value)/ purchase price) - 1
2. The primary value of the yield to maturity is that it allows bond investors/traders to compare the income potential of bonds with radically different maturities, coupon rates, par values, and prices.
3. There is still some uncertainty regarding whether yield to maturity calculations should assume re-investment of each coupon rate at the yield to maturity rate of the bond. Most online calculators do not incorporate this possibility, though much of the recommended financial literature advocates doing so so that a true picture of a bond's income potential can be obtained.
4. For bonds that are callable, the yield to maturity may be a bit misleading, as the bond could get called before all the coupon payments factored into the yield to maturity calculation are made. Some bond investors thus prefer to calculate what is known as the yield to call, which is the same calculation as the yield to maturity -- but uses the next call date to determine maturity date. Conservative investors can then base decisions around what is known as yield to worst -- the lower of the yield to call and yield to maturity.
Playing around with a yield to maturity calculator is a way for investors to better apply and understand the components that drive yield to maturity, and how they relate to each other.

Views: 2574
InformedTrades

http://goo.gl/89SBMv for more free video tutorials covering Portfolio Management.
This video demonstrates yield to maturity and price in details subsequent to an explanation on market equilibrium. First part of the video introduces the concept of yield to maturity (YTM) by explaining the important bonds characteristics and correlates YTM with price keeping the other driving forces constant. YTM basically accounts for the present value of a bond’s future coupon payments. In other words, it essentially influences in the time value of money, whereas a simple current yield calculation does not.
YTM is the interest rate an investor would earn by investing every coupon payment from the bond at a constant interest rate until the bond’s maturity date. The present values of all these future cash flows are equal to the bond market price. Last part of the video represents the YTM against the number of bonds graphically and explains the supply and demand showing the core driving features of market equilibrium.

Views: 1546
Spoon Feed Me

Estimating the yield to maturity using Interpolation.

Views: 1245
Brian Byrne

More videos at http://facpub.stjohns.edu/~moyr/videoonyoutube.htm

Views: 12744
Ronald Moy

Bond Semi-annual Yield-to-Maturity

Views: 13755
Prof. Mohammed Ahmed

http://www.learnbonds.com/yield-to-maturity/ - Yield to maturity takes into account both the coupon interest payment you receive on the bond, changes in the value of the bond as it moves towards maturity, and the return received on the reinvestment of interest payments.

Views: 9689
Learn Bonds

We examine the theory behind how to calculate a required interest rate yield to maturity from a given bond price, then use three different methods in Excel to achieve the calculation.
The methods used in Excel are the use of a scroller tied to an interest rate field, the built-in RATE() function, and the GoalSeek Excel tool.
Previous: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C1b-UPfeBo0
Next: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j1Fq_1pg7xE
For financial education from London to Singapore and beyond, please contact MithrilMoney via the following website:
http://mithrilmoney.com/
This MithrilMoney lecture was delivered by Andy Duncan, CQF.
Please read our disclaimer:
http://mithrilmoney.com/disclaimer/

Views: 19721
MithrilMoney

In this video, you will learn the fundamentals to find out the yield to maturity of a bond. You will also learn about perpetual bonds.

Views: 813
maxus knowledge

When you buy a bond or a CD at a price other than face value, it can be difficult to understand your real rate of return. Excel can solve that problem for you with the RATE function.

Views: 1502
Dan Griffin

how to calculate Yield to Maturity of a Coupon paying bond
How to calculate Yield to Call of a Coupon paying bond that is callable

Views: 3863
Elinda Kiss

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Selling in special circumstances. shares you bought at different times and prices in one company shares through an investment club shares after a company merger or takeover employee share scheme shares. Jointly owned shares and investments. If you sell shares or investments that you own jointly with other people, work out the gain for the portion that you own, instead of the whole value. There are different rules for investment clubs. What to do next. Deduct costs. Apply reliefs.