The systems perspective, or the theory of systems, was first developed in the physical sciences, but it has been extended to other areas, such as management. A system is an interrelated set of elements that function as a whole.
According to this perspective, an organizational system receives four kinds of inputs from its environment: material, human, financial, and informational. The organization’s managers then combine and transform these inputs and return them to the environment in the form of products or services, employee behaviors, profits or losses, and additional information.
As outputs, these products are sold to the consuming public. Profits from operations are fed back into the environment through taxes, investments, and dividends; losses, when they occur, hit the environment by reducing stockholders’ incomes.
Then the system receives feedback from the environment regarding these outputs. Finally, information about the company and its operations is also released into the environment. The environment, in turn, responds to these outputs and influences future inputs.
The systems perspective is valuable to managers for a variety of reasons. The systems perspective helps managers conceptualize the flow and interaction of various elements of the organization itself as they work together to transform inputs into outputs.
Work out if you need to pay.
When you know your gain you need to work out if you need to report and pay Capital Gains Tax.
You may be able to work out how much tax to pay on your shares.
the same type, acquired in the same company on the same date sold at the same time.
sold other shares in the tax year sold other chargeable assets in the tax year, such as a property you let out claim any reliefs are a company, agent, trustee or personal representative.
Reporting a loss.
The rules are different if you need to report a loss.
Fifth most actively traded share.
Market capital of DKK 206 bn.
Shareholders by geography.
Rest of Europe etc.
Ratings from equity analysts covering the Danske Bank share and consensus earnings estimates.
Selling in special circumstances.
shares you bought at different times and prices in one company shares through an investment club shares after a company merger or takeover employee share scheme shares.
Jointly owned shares and investments.
If you sell shares or investments that you own jointly with other people, work out the gain for the portion that you own, instead of the whole value. There are different rules for investment clubs.
What to do next.